Sugauli Treaty -2
Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -301
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -831
By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
On 4th July 1816, Bamshah informed Edward Gardner that Nepal King has authorized him for discussion on Treaty.
Bamshah was not ready for his opponent group Thapa Dal getting credit for Treaty with British. His health was not permitting for him meeting Edward Gardner. Therefore, the brother of Bamshah Rudravir Shah the Subba of Salyan met Edward Gardner many times.
Rudravir Shah informed Edward Gardner that Nepal court authorized him for handing over the hill region and not the Tarai regions. Later on, Nepal court authorized to Rudravir Shah for Tarai region too. However, Rudravir did not agree handing over Tarai region to British.
Rudravir Shah informed Gardner that all Nepali would fight for Tarai.
There was deadlock for treaty between Nepal and British for many days.
Gardner put another condition that British were ready to offer Jagir to Nepalese Bhardar (Jagirdar) in Tarai. However, Nepal court did not agree as people were against handing voer Tarai to British.
Amar Singh Thapa opposing Treaty
When Amar Singh Thapa, Ranjor Singh and other commanders of west reached to Nepal they opposed the treaty.
Those commanders told that it was better to die in battle than handing over the territory to British. Amar Singh Thapa sent a letter to Nepal king from Himachal. However, Nepal King did not receive that letter. Amar Singh Thapa was still firm on his ideas. He was opinion that when Nepal would hand over the whole territory to British it would be difficult for Nepal to sustain such huge army. He told boldly that those who were supporting treaty they would support British and in near future British would capture whole of Nepal.
(From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, Sanwal, English pre mutiny records, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves of Tehri Kingdom Record etc.)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, email@example.com 19/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -832
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
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Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
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Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
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L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
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Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
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Maula Ram/Mola Ram , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
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Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
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History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal