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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, June 21, 2016

Frazer and Sudarshan Shah in Delhi

 Division of Garhwal Kingdom   -6       

              Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -298
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -828          
                                                           
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

        William Frazer informed to Edward Gardner that he would start journey for Delhi from Shrinagar on 24th July 1815. According to Archives of Tehri Kingdom, Sudarshan Shah went to Delhi on 24th July 1815 with William Frazer. Major Baldock and 5 officers were handed over the responsibility of Protecting Shrinagar. There were 500 soldiers with Major Baldock.
                      British Authorization for Sudarshan Shah

          Sudarshan Shah was in Delhi till 25th December 1815. Before offering Kingdom to Sudarshan Shah, High Command asked various details from Frazer. Frazer sent his report on 16th October with a letter to the East India Company. On 17thNovember, the Cabinet of Governor General authorized the proposal about Garhwal and Sudarshan Shah (devar, English Pre Mutiny Records of Saharanpur) .
         John Adam sent a letter to Frazer (Records Pre Mutiny Records, Kumaon) -
1-The region of west of Alaknanda and Mandakini Rivers already added with Kumaon. The rest of region leaving Dehardun would be offered to Sudarshan Shah. The said region would be enough for day to day expenses and administrative expenses for Sudarshan Shah. Therefore, Sir Governor General took Dehradun with British rule.
2- Ochterlony informed that due to Defense strategy it is not good to give back Ravain. Therefore, Ravain region would be under British and would not be offered to King Sudarshan Shah.
3- Frazer wrote that Sudarshan Shah be allowed to stay in Shrinagar. Governor General raised question on that suggestion. Shrinagar is in left of the Alaknanda and comes under British rule. There will be many problems by Sudarshan Shah and his employees staying in Shrinagar. The king wants to stay there where he does not have any right.
4-If the King insists then you inform him that he would not be offered the Kingdom of West of Alaknanda and Mandakini.
5- If the King accepts the above conditions, you offer him the region of West of Alaknanda and Mandakini Rivers as King. We shall decide about administration in Ravain later stage.
6- The following conditions would be added in Authority letter (Declaration) –
        A-In future, whenever there would be need, the King would arrange labor and food faculties British officials
     B- The condones of British Government for taking responsibilities of defending King will be there till the King follows by heart the conditions of declaration letter.
 High command authorized to Frazer for preparing a temporary Authorization letter for Sudarshan Shah on a paper. Frazer was asked to make a copy of authorization letter with translation and send that copy with translation to the Company. After some time, the permanent authorization letter with signature and stamp of Governor General would be sent to the King.
    The land for Shivram Saklani  was not included in the region offered to Sudarshan Shah on the temporary authorization letter by Frazer.
 The permanent authorization letter (sanad) signed and  stamp of Governor General was offered  on 4th March 1820



(From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, English pre mutiny records, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves  of  Tehri Kingdom Record etc.) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 15/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -829
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Deadun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal