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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, June 1, 2016

Keshvanand Kainthola: The First Creator of Garhwali Chaunfula Ramayana

Critical and Chronological History of Modern Garhwali (Asian) Poetry – 15

                    Literature Historian:  Bhishma Kukreti
   Keshvanand Kainthola is famous for writing Garhwali poems in his youth, portraying the day to day life of rural Garhwali women , man-eater tiger’s  terror in Garhwal, the chivalry  of Garhwalis in first world war and in later stage of his life ,  writing Ramayana in Garhwali with touch of Garhwal for   popularizing the ideal life of Rama.
      Keshvanand Kainthola was born in 1887 in a Himalayan village Palkot, Mawalsyun Patti of  British Garhwal ( Pauri Garhwal ).
      Keshvanand Kainthola published his first poetry collection in 1928 naming ‘ Mang-Tarang’. The poems are written in his youth, hence, the poems are full of enthusiasm and portraying the life of Garhwali society especially Garhwali females, the daily life of a common farmer and his wife, the natural beauty of Garhwali village. 
       Keshvanand Kainthola also created  poetries on the chivalry of Garhwali soldiers in world war first who fought on behalf of British army.  Keshvanand Kainthola used common Garhwali symbols in portraying Garhwali women  and readers of modern time, still can enjoy the scenery of Garhwal in Kainthola’s poems because of his sensible uses of imagery in poems.
Jandi chhan ab pungudyun ma satyun godna 
Kauni jhangora ku lageen chhan dhees teer chhodna 
Kanthola’s poems were so lyrical that late Vishamber datt Kainthola used to sing this poem in Dehradun wherever possible and people used to enjoy the same :
Hans mor ghughti shuba gwathni  kan basna chhan fazal
(As told by Mrs Shakti Naithani -daughter of Vishwamber Datt Kaithola 
       Keshvanand Kainthola used the form, style and mannerism of folk songs as baramasa style in his poems of his young age.
            Even, Kainthola did not leave the style and form of Garhwali folk song in creating Ramayana in Garhwali.
  Keshvanand Kainthola published Chaufula Ramayan in 1935 from Dehra Dun Times, Dehradun.
  Though, Keshvanand Kainthola created Ramayana on the basis of Ramcharitmanas of Tulsi Das but there also,  he portrayed Garhwali life in various places in the story of Rama. 
  Keshvanand Kainthola 
Keshvanand Kainthola expired in 1940 in Dehradun. 

  
 साटि ग्वड़ाई (रचनाकाल 1928 से पहले ) 
            
रचना - केशवानंद कैंथोला पालकोट मवाळस्यूं पौड़ी गढ़वाल ,1887 -1940 )
      इंटरनेट प्रस्तुति - भीष्म कुकरेती 

  जांदी छन अब पुंगड़ियों मा साटियों गोडणा 
   कौणी झंगोरा कू छन ढीस तीर छोडणा।
 
    घर आइ गैने साँझ मा फिर जाण बैठी पाणी कू 
   नौन्याळ छन रोणा लग्यां दे बोई रोटी खाण कू। 
  रात अब होण लगीगे कब गोरु भैंस बांदणी 
 होली  सभी अब फिकर ते भैर भितरा नाचणी। 
  रोटी छन अब ये पकाणी साग तख मा प्याज को 
  होली लगीं यूँ भूख भारी बोलदी नी लाज को। 
  हे शान्ति ! मन मा शान्ति कर क्यै छै उदासी तू हुयीं 
    जौंका पति घर मा छना तैंकि दशा छ या हुयीं। 
 जब तू किलैक सोच करदी देख लेडी हौरू को 
 अब काम धंधा कर सभी तू घास लादी गोरु को। 

Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, May 2016
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