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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, June 21, 2016

Governor General Authorization Letter for Tehri Kingdom

 Division of Garhwal Kingdom   -7       

              Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -299
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -829          
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
        Governor General sent an authorization letter for Tehri Kingdom as –
             Since, the Garhwal Kingdom has come under British rule and Sudarshan Shah the King of Old Garhwal Kingdom showed faithfulness and enthusiasm for British Government, the cabinet council of Governor General offers the Garhwal region forever barring following conditions-
1-East of Alaknanda and East of Mandakini till it meets to Alaknanda (Rudraprayag)
2- Dehradun
3-Raingarh Pargana
          The duty of the King would be that he administrates the region that people get prosperity and comforts. The King would administrate with fair means, will collect tax and will consume accordingly.
  For that the King will abolish slavery custom. According to British law slavery is prohibited.
    Whenever British government requires that time the King will offer labor and food supply. The King will have to permit and offer infrastructure for the people (British subjects) for going to Tibet through the Tehri Kingdom. He will have to accept the instruction of British officials.
     British Government assures to the King that he or his heirs would rule over the region till the king or heirs follow the above (British) instructions. British Government also promises to defend the region from his enemies.  
                   British Offering Shivram the Land as Muafi
   Frazer was very much influenced by the works of Shivram for British. Shivram sent an appeal with the documents of Jagir of Diuri, Saklana; Athur Taluka Ediyarganv, Sunarganv, of Tehri Garhwal and Bajarwala Taluka of Dehradun offered by Garhwal King Pradyuman Shah. Shivram showed Sanad to Frazer. William Frazer offered a Sanad (Authorized document or certificate) –
    “ Shivram has done a deep service to British and he was always with the British army. Therefore, it is instructed that the land of Saklana, Diuri, and Athur Taluka of hill region would be under Shivram till new order is received.  Mauja Bajawala of Dehradun would be under till his life . One authorized instruction is to be provided to Shivram.”
       According to Minya Premsingh, Shivram showed fake documents offered by Gurkha to British officials that he was the real heirs of Garhwal Kings. However, Sudarshan Shah reached there at the same time. Shivram touched the feet of Sudarshan Shah and asked pardon. Sudarshan Shah was aware of Shivram’s influence of Frazer. Sudrashan Shah did not oppose the offering of Frazer and offered Shivram the six villages of Khas Patti to Shivram as jagir.
                              Tehri as New Capital of Garhwal

      Sudarshan Shah returned from Delhi to Haridwar and took his two wives Sirmaurji and Bamori ji with other family members. In Dehradun he took the blessing of Mahant Harsevak of Guru Ram ray and Mahant offered two silver rods, two drums and a turban to Sudarshan Shah.
     On 17th Falgun Samvat 1872 (February 1816) , Sudarshan Shah reached to Tehri with his wives and family members. Sudarshan Shah established his capital in Tehri.
                    Eyewash methods by British or Crookedness of British

     British offered back the Kingdoms to all Kings of Himachal barring a couple of Kings without taking any tax.
                    British took following Kingdoms with it-
Jaunsar and Babar of Sirmaur (Garhwal)
Sabathu Garh and Sabathu Pargana
Raingarh, Rain Garh Pargana and Sindhuk of Bushehr
                   British showed that it give Sudarshan Shah the Kingdom just for mercy and curtsey A document by Atkinson (Himalayan Districts, page 680). The document shows that British accused Sudarshan Shah for not trying anything to Nepal- British war.  The document states that british offered Tehri Kingdom because Sudarshan Shah was spending his life in poverty.  

(From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, English pre mutiny records, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves  of  Tehri Kingdom Record etc.) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 17/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -830
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
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Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal