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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Sunday, June 12, 2016

British Declaration for East Garhwal

Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -296
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -826          
                                                           
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

              After settling administration in Sirmaur, Hindur, Bushehr etc, William Frazer reached Shrinagar on 14th July 1815 by crossing Ganga at Jakhnai through Sanga boat. Frazer camped at Gulabbagh in Shrinagar. Same day, Sudarshan Shah reached to Shrinagar and camped at Kui Bagwan 9Tehri Archives).
           Next day, Frazer declared that the region of east of Alaknand up to Rudraprayag and in north east of Mandakini was under British rule and people will be called the subjects (Praja) of British State. (Atkinson)
   Frazer instructed that inhabitants should come back to their villages and should start normal agricultural activities. Frazer declared abolition of Slavery (Barda) from Garhwal. Frazer called the Kamin and Sayana (Villages chiefs and elites) of East Garhwal and told them that East Garhwal and Kumaon are now merged in one Pargana. From now, they (East Garhwal people) should understand under Edward Gardner.
   Frazer informed Edward Gardner through a letter on 21st July 1815 about merger and also attached a list of Kamin and Sayana of East Garhwal. Frazer requested Gardner for taking charge immediately. Frazer mentioned that till that time the decision of East Bhagirathi region is undecided.
  Frazer sent a few officers to Kumaon for taking instruction for East Garhwal.

               List of Kamin and Sayana of East Garhwal

  Frazer sent a list of Kamin and Sayanas of East Garhwal (July 1815) to Gardner as follows -
Pargana-------Patti --------------------------Sayana
1-Ajmir ------------------------------ Kalmu Raut, Dillu Bisht,Bisalu Inti
2-Udaypur--------------------------- Kalmu Bisht, Ultu Negi, Ubdalu Bisht, Dhaunterilu
-----------------------------------------Negi, Patta Bisht, Kalmu Negi, Bhagwan Payal,
----------------------------------------- Chhavanu Daftari (Kamin)
3- Salan --------1 Dhangu----------- Kalli raut, Bhurtu Raut, Sobhanu Bisht, Puriya Raut,
---------------------------------------- Kumlu Daftari (Kamin)
------------------2 Karandu ------------Gauru Bhandari, Uchhalu Raut,
-----------------3- Langurgarh---------Bagha Raut, Vinodu Bisht, Bilmu Raut
----------------4-Shila------------------ Rathan Singh, Ginur Singh Aswal
--------------- 5 Kaudiya -----------------Balvant Singh Rautela
---------------- 6- Chaundkot-----------  Bhupchand Utanu Raut, Bhup Singh Raut, Viashalu Raut,       ---------------------------------------------  Premu Thaplyal, Kumtusing Negi, Dhaunkalusing Negi
---------------7- Badalpur ---------------- Mahtabu Negi, Shimseru Negi
--------------8- Kidiyakot-------------- Ghumaru Negi, Surju Negi
-------------9- Painon----------------------- Birsadu Gusain, Kulpu Negi
----------- 10- Bungi--------------------- Shimseru Negi
-------------11- Gujadu ------------------ Ulmatu Raut, Thoba Raut
---------------12---Khatli ---------------- Mohansing Raut, Banchu, Mansing, Mangalsing
---------------13- ?------------------------Sudas Negi
---------------14- Bangarsiyun -------------- Soibatsing Raut
---------------15- Dhoundhyalsyun---------- Dasrath Baman
----------------16- Meldhar -----------------------? Bhandari
---------------17- Talain------------------------ Dhuramu Negi, Anandu Negi, Bishnu Raut
----------------18- Kolagaddi-----------------Ubdalu raut
---------------- 19- Sainjdhar----------------- Bhuvanand , Gauri Baman
----------------20- Bijlout -----------------Samseru Negi
4- Barasyun   (15 Patti) -------------------Munni Chandola, Khuntu Raut, Uchalu Bisht,
---------------------------------------------- Padmu Bisht, Udot Singh Bisht, Dilmani Baman,
---------------------------------------------- Mangu Bisht, Kateun Bisht, Dhansingh Bisht,
------------------------------------------- Kwinu Raut, Rikhwa Gusain, Narku, Dhirju, Nausheru, ------------------------------------------------Surbalu, Kafola, DillU, Dhansing, Gobindi, Naushersing, ---------------------------------------------Ubadalusing Aswal
5- Devalgarh----------------------------- Banchu Gusain, Kamsur Baman, Mutadu Negi
6- Chopdakot----------------------------Kweesing Bhandari, Sobanu Bhandari, Narku Bhandari, -----------------------------------------------Kalva Bhandari, Dhirju Negi
7- Dhanpur (Tambakhan) ----------- Uchhabu, Molsi Chaudhari
8- Chandpur---------------------------- Haraksing Kuwar, , Bhadursing Kuwar, Bhaguatsing Kuwar
------------------------------------------- Chandarmani Baman
9- Badhan- ---------------------------Ujmatsingh Raut, Nurutsing Raut , Gopalsing Raut,
----------------------------------------- Dharmu Negi, Dhanchu Muhira
10- Dasauli-------------------------- Mohansing Dikola, Bhuvanu Likhwar, Bhupsing Raut
--------------------------------------- Bhuvanu Kotin
11- Painkhanda --------------------- Bhavni Sing Negi, Dhansing Bhandari
12- Kapiri------------------------------ Diuli, Deetram, Jhuru
13- Kuthali----------------------------- Moosa
14- Nagpur ---------------------------- Dhannu Gusain, Samseru Bhandari, Kidaru Bhandari
------------------------------------------- Biju Raut, Pattu raut, Puran Kholi, Harku Raut,
----------------------------------- Pusu Bisht, Keedu Aswal, Seetal Chaudhari
15- Pinkandi ------------------------ Thurtu Nakhlada, Chaitu Bhandari, Gundha Bhandari, Banchu,
------------------------------------------- Thuku
16- Lobha------------------------------- Sumeru. Lutadu, Bunehu
 (From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, English pre mutiny records, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves  of  Tehri Kingdom Record etc.) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 13/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -827
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
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Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
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Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
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History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime

Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal