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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Sunday, June 12, 2016

Path of Bakhtawar Singh for Nepal

Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -295
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -825          
                                                           
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
        
                     If Bakhtawar Singh would have ready for surrender when Amar Singh Thapa surrendered Bakhtawar Singh would have gone from Shrinagar to Doti through Garhwal and Kumaon land.
           Governor General was wishing that Bamshah would have declared himself as Doti King by defecting Nepal Kingdom. Bamshah could not do so because his family members were in Kathmandu. His enemy in Kathmandu would have done worse for his family and relatives. British High Command discussed and thought that if Nepal army commanders of West Himalaya came together in Doti with soldiers they would be dangerous for British. British decided that Bakhtawar Singh would be sent to East of Nepal through Indian plains. Therefore, British did not permit Gurkha soldiers of West Himalaya for travelling through Garhwal and Kumaon hills for Doti. Though, British permitted Bakhtawar Singh for travelling through Kumaon Hill and Governor General wanted that Bakhtawar Singh go through Rohilakhand.  Edward Gardner and Nichols instructed Magistrate of Barely and Moradabad for leaving Bakhtawar Singh till east of Doti. Governor general instructed his subordinates in case Bakhtawar Singh wanted go through Hills with soldiers their safety would be provided.
           Perhaps Bakhtawar Singh reached Nepal through Kumaon hills and his army reached through Rohilkhand to Nepal.
                              British Amy In Shrinagar
    After Bakhtawar Singh leaving Shrinagar, Major Baldock reached to Shrinagar with his army. Major Baldock took charge of administration of Shrinagar and Garhwal.
         When Sudarshan Shah was in Ranihat the subjects offered thousands of rupees as gifts to the Bolda Badrinath (King). Sudarshan Shah appointed Shivram Saknyana (Saklani) as chaief executive advocate. Sudarshan Shah stayed in his Haveli of Palace.


 (From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, English pre mutiny records, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Records of  Tehri Kingdom etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 12/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -826
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
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Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
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John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
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History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal