उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका की गतिविधियाँ ई-मेल पर

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, April 28, 2015

Kotdwara -Dehradun Highway in Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period

Highways in Kumaon and Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period -2

History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Garhwal - 39
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -103    
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -623
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
  Kotdwara –Dehradun Highway had been important before Nanda Period for various regions. The road was connected to Nazibabad and stoppages were Kotdwara Ghat, Mavakot, Chaukighat, and Lal Dhang in Bhabhar Garhwal. In Shah period, Ravasan River near Laldhang was a dividing place for Awadh and Garhwal territories. At the time of Gurkha, Awadh was under British and Garhwal was under Gurkha. The travelers usually businessmen used to take rest at west part of Rawasan River that was flat and having facilities of water and grass for horses, bulls.  Dr Dabral states that there is a Peer Samadhi and a ruined temple at this junction.  The travelers used to reach above Haridwar at Lakadghat and used to cross Ganga there. Gorkhali Officers used to levy tax on crossing Ganga at this Ghat. From Lakadghat, road at bottom of Shivalik Hill range was for Dehradun (or Gurudwara).
         From Dehradun, travelers used to cross Yamuna and used to reach Kyardadun (Himachal) . From here road was for Nahan (Himachal) and then for Jammu from Nahan (Himachal). There were two roads from Saharanpur via Timli and Mohan. Due to frequent looting attack on Businessmen from Maratha, Sikh, Rohillas on Delhi –Doab road, they preferred this rout for safe business journey.
 In Gurkha period, this rout was under Gurkha and was also not safe.

** Most of details  were taken from Dr Dabral and Foster, A Journey from Bengal to England

* History of Highways in Gorkha /Nepal Period in  Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal in next chapter …    

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com28/4//2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -624
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter 

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX
                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886 , Gazetteer of  Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Sharma , Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti

XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, History Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal,