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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, April 15, 2015

History of Devprayag Temples in Gurkha/Gorkha Rule on Garhwal

History: Major Temples of Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period -4
History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Garhwal - 21
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -86    
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -605

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

                
               Devprayag or Deoprag is situated at Bhagirathi and Alaknanda confluence. There are many folktales about Devprayag and its establishment.
           Mohan Babulkar (Garhwal ki Jivit Vibhutiyan .page 131-139) offers the reference of Kedarkhand of Skandpuran and mentions the Shloka as
      देवप्रयाग प्रकरण
अयोध्य मथुरा काशी द्वारिका सेतुबंधक:। 
कांची गया कुरुक्षेत्रम बद्य्यर्आश्रम एव च।।
गंगा द्वारम् प्रयागश्च माया क्षेत्रम तथैव च।
देवप्रयाग तीर्थं च तीर्थानां तीर्थ मुत्तमम् ।।
 Further , Mohan Babulkar mentions the importance of Dev Prayag citing the ‘shlokas’ of Kedarkhand.
 Babulkar also sopposts that Raghunath Ji Mandir was established by Adi Shankarachary Shri vardachary repaired Raghunath temple as he did of Badrinath temple.  Mohan Babulkar argued that the Arti or Bhog System in Raghunath Ji Temple is same as of Badrinath that is Southern or Nambudiparad Style.
 In Mahadev Temple of Dev Prayag, there is inscription and door stone inscription mentions for separate names of Mathadhipati and Pujari. The names Shankaranand Bharti ,  Krishna Bhatt and of 1495 AD.  The door inscription of Mahadev Temple is of 1610 and Anant Bhatt is carved
  Dr Parth Sharthi Dabral offered details of forty inscriptions of Raghunath Temple and divided into three parts-
1-Brahmi Inscriptions
2-Ornamental Brahmi inscriptions
3-Devnagari inscriptions  
   
 Raghunath Ji temple in Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Garhwal
          Raper offered situation of Raghunath Temple (Asiatic researches) and Devprayag when he visited Devprayag in 1808.
 There was brass idol of Garud at outside of temple.
 There was black stone idol of Chaturbhuj Ji (four handed) and the lower side was colored by red color. The Chaturbhuj idol is now covered by cloth and showed as Raghunath ot two hand Rama (Dr Dabral).
  Garhwal Kings donated twenty five villages for Raghunath Ji temple. The annual income from villages was from Rs.1000 to 1200. The Gurkha /Gorkha administrators retained villages for Raghunath ji without any change. There were shops of Pandas  (priests) and was huge income through those shops. Pandas used to note down the names of pilgrims. Raper also noted his name on bahi (record or ledger) of a Panda.  

** History, Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Garhwal...Remaining part, read in next chapter

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com9/4//2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -606
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter 

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX
                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886 , Gazetteer of  Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Sharma , Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of aFive Years Residence at Nepaul Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti

XXX
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ks kumson psr Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal, Uttarakhand;कुमाऊं उत्तराखंड काइतिहास गढ़वाल उत्तराखंड का इतिहास डोटी पूर्व उत्तराखंड का इतिहास;गोरखाओं /गुर्खाओं का कुमाऊं पर अधिकार इतिहास गोरखाओं /गुर्खाओं कागढ़वाल पर अधिकार इतिहास गोरखाओं /गुर्खाओं का हिमाचल पर अधिकारइतिहास गोरखाओं /गुर्खाओं का  इतिहास नेपाल इतिहास
Xx
History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Garhwal; History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Pauri Garhwal; History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Chamoli Garhwal; History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Rudraprayag Garhwal; History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Tehri Garhwal; History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Uttarkashi Garhwal; History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Dehradun Garhwal; 
Xx
History: Major Temples of Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Dhangu, Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Lansdowne Tehsil Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Pauri Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Chamoli Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Rudraprayag Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Tehri Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Uttarkashi Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Dehradun Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Haridwar, Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period;  History of Yamunotri Temples in Garhwal,  History of Yamunotri Temples in Uttarkashi Garhwal, History of Yamunotri  Temple in Yamuna –Tones Rivers Valley Garhwal, History of Yamunotri Temples in Garhwal,  History of Yamunotri Temple Garhwal, History of Yamunotri Temple Uttarakhand, History of Yamunotri Temple Himalaya, History Gangotri Temple;  History of Barahat or Uttarkashi Temples in context Gurkha /Gorkha Rule; History of Devprayag  Temples in Gurkha/Gorkha rule on Garhwal; History Raghunath Ji temple in Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Garhwal