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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, April 28, 2015

Gurkha /Gorkha Ignoring Social Welfare Works

Disregard for Garhwali Scholars in Garhwal in Gurkha /Gorkha Period -7

History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Garhwal - 37
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -102    
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -621
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

           Gurkha/Gorkha totally ignored social welfare in Garhwal and Kumaon in their rule. There is no mention about Gurkha /Gorkha helping hospitals, schools or irrigation system in Kumaon, Garhwal. There was no state sponsored hospital or doctors for offering assistance to patients.
                  Common Diseases of Garhwal, Kumaon Gurkha Period
             There were no remedies for physical injuries and societies had to depend on local Ayurvedic Doctors, Tantrik, and Mantrik, Jagris etc for each disease remedy.
Goiter was common in Bhagirathi valley, Badhan regions.
         Epidemics as cholera, small pox, pox, etc were common diseases all over Kumaon, Garhwal.
               Different types of Fevers were common across Uttarakhand.
Bhotiya were ill famous for dirty clothing and many diseases.
 There were cattle diseases common too.
                  Jadun Bharin Thupri , Rudi ma Khali Thupri
 There was a proverb commonly used ‘Jadun Bharin Thupri , Rudi ma Khali Thupri’ that spoke about diseases of River valleys people and those staying in river bank region. The literary meaning of proverb ‘Jadun Bharin Thupri, Rudi ma Khali Thupri’ is that ‘In Winter the basket is Full but in Summer, the Basket is Empty. The real meaning is that there are newly born children in winter but due to disease all children die in summer near River Bank Valleys.
                       Miscellaneous Diseases of Garhwal, Kumaon in Gurkha Period
 Due to cholera and other epidemics villagers used to run from their houses. Other diseases were –
Toothache (Ghunad)
Ear diseases (bayalu)
Khaj –Khujli
Dag (Skin Disease)
Leucorrhea (Pramey)
Dyspepsia
Liver diseases
Jaundice
Conjunctivitis (Ankh An)
Cateress (Motiyabind)
Haematuri
Cough
Throat Souring
Asthma
Different Types of Body ache
 Bronchitis
Inflammation
Diseases of Blood and Bones
Menstrual Disorders
Arthritis
Mental Disorders
Migraine
Burn Wounds
Urinary Disorders
Flatulence  
Gangrene
Leprosy  
Plague (epidemic)

Some diseases were not named as Heart Attack (Chati fatan)  or Caner.
  




** Most of aspects were taken from Asiatic Researches volume- 11 and Dr Dabral
* History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal in next chapter …    

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com26/4//2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -622
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter 

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX
                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886 , Gazetteer of  Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Sharma , Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti


Common Diseases of Garhwal and Kumaon & History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Himachal; Common Diseases of Garhwal and Kumaon & History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Sirmour Himachal; Common Diseases of Garhwal and Kumaon & History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Kangara Himachal; Common Diseases of Garhwal and Kumaon & History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Baghat Himachal; Common Diseases of Garhwal and Kumaon & History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Punar Himachal; Common Diseases of Garhwal and Kumaon & History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Nahan Himachal; Common Diseases of Garhwal and Kumaon & History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Common Diseases of Garhwal and Kumaon & History Himachal;  
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal,