उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका की गतिविधियाँ ई-मेल पर

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, April 15, 2015

Ishwari Datt Juyal: A Garhwali Playwright of Social Theme

Garhwali Dramatists/ Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists -8 
                                        By: Bhishma Kukreti
               Less is known about Ishwari Datt Juyal ‘Sharma’. Ishwari Datt Juyal was born in village Khettu of Khatali Patti, district Pauri Garhwal. Ishwari Datt Juyal joined Indian railway in Karachi (now Pakistan). Ishwari Datt Juyal was also a social worker in Karachi. He took active part in Pravasi Garhwali Organization of Karachi.
 Ishwari Datt Juyal wrote, published a Garhwali stage Play ‘Parivartan’ in 1934. The play was also staged in Karachi in the same year.
             Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna remarked about the drama by Juyal,” The dialogues, language and screenplay are marvelous in this social drama-Parivartan”.  The dialogues are mixture of Hindi and Garhwali and are the source of bringing involvement of the audience.
         The following is an example of dialogues in the drama Parivartan by Ishwari Datt Juyal –
A-Mausa Ji! Hamku ayan bhaut din huya hain. Tu to badaa aadim hai hamkun thai milne ko bhi nai ayaa
B- Aajkal bhai Ji Karachi ma fukafat machyan hai
             Garhwali literature creator Hari Datt Bhatt appreciated the sharpness of language. The play shows that past and present are wound around each other.
               The story is about the migrated Garhwalis and Garhwali village. Due to migration, the changes were taking place in Garhwal not only in physical dimensions but in the thought processes of migrated Garhwalis and Garhwalis in the village too. The drama writer Ishwari Datt Juyal was able to show these changes and the struggle or conflicts happenings because of changes.
     Ishwari Datt Juyal was able to mirror the society of his time in Parivartandrama.
 Ishwari Datt Juyal wrote other Literature genre as Poetry in Garhwali and Hindi. However, while he was returning from Karachi he lost all his writings. After independence, Juyal had to shift to Saharanpur.
            Ishwari Datt Juyal expired on 18th April 1969 in Saharanpur.
 Ishwari Datt Juyal is always remembered for social dramas in Garhwali Dramas. The critics place Ishwari Datt Juyal as playwright as they place Diane Samuels;  Chayale Ash in world theatre.  

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai India 14/4/15
                                 References
Garhwal Chitrashaili ke Unnayak Barrister Mukandi Lal
Dr Anil Dabral, Garhwali Gadya ki Parampara
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Gad Matyeki Ganga
Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwali Dramas
Marjorie Boulton, The Anatomy of Drama
Eugene Vale, The Technique of Screenplay Writing
XX
 Notes on World’s Great Playwrights, Great Asian Playwrights; South Asian Great Playwrights; Great Indian Playwrights, Great North Indian Playwrights; Great Himalayan Playwrights, Great Mid Himalayan Playwrights; Great Uttarakhandi Playwrights, Great Garhwali Playwrights to be continued.. Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists from Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Pauri Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Chamoli Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Rudraprayag Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Uttarkashi Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Tehri Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights, Dramatists, Drama Activists from Dehradun Garhwal; Garhwali Stage Plays/ Dramas Playwrights Dramatists, Drama Activists  from Haridwar Garhwal;,  to be continued