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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, April 30, 2015

Almora-Shrinagar – Vilaspur Highway of Kumaon –Garhwal, Himachal in Gurkha Period

 Highways in Kumaon and Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period -5

History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Garhwal - 42
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -105    
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -626
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

              Kathmandu was connected to Almora via a bridge on Kali River near Brahmdev Mandi. Kathmandu- Almora road was sued by soldiers. Later on the said road was connected to Shrinagar and Dehra or Gurudwara (Dehradun).  Gurkha used people without paying wages them for making Dehra Highway.  There were milestones erected on this road.
  The road was upto Khalanga (Nalapani) where there was Gadhi /Fort of Gurkha battalion.  From Khalanga the road was for Himachal by crossing Yamuna River. Kalsi was in between Himachal and Dehradun road. Gurkha soldiers used to go through this road from Kathmandu to Sutlej River in Himachal.  From Kalsi the road was up to Vilaspur via Nahan.
 There were many Tax Chauki and river ports on Dehradun –Himachal Road.
 The road was safe for Gurkha as the road was not in the East India Company Area. Since, Gurkha used to transfer soldiers from one territory to other territory after one year.there was always movement of soldiers and the people nearby villages were always afraidof Gurkha Soldiers.  

*** This chapter References –
Moorcroft, Travels in Hindustan Atkinson
 Trail, Sketches of Kumaon 
** Most of details were taken from Dr Dabral

* History of Highways in Gorkha /Nepal Period in Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal in next chapter …    

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com1/5//2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -627
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter 

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886 , Gazetteer of  Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Sharma , Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti

History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, History Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal,

History Highways in Uttarkashi Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon in Gurkha Period; History Highways in Tehri Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon in r Gurkha Period; History Highways in Rudraprayag Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon in Gurkha Period; History Highways in Chamoli Garhwal, Almora Kumaon in Gurkha Period; History Highways in Pauri Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon in Gurkha Period; History Highways in Dehradun Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon in Gurkha Period;