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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, April 7, 2015

History of Gangotri Temple in context Gurkha /Gorkha Rule

  History: Major Temples of Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period -2
History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Garhwal - 19
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -84    
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -603

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

    A Scottish Businessman son J B Fraser was first European traveler travelling Gangotri and Yamunotri.  Fraser also made paintings of both the shrines.
 The road for reaching Gangotri was one of the difficult most roads in Himalaya. Fraser mentioned that Amar Singh Thapa offered money for repairing the road to Gangotri. Amar Singh Thapa also repaired the Jhulapul (Ropeway Bridge) at Jadgnaga River crossing in Bhairon Valley.  As was in Yamunotri, there was no temple at Gangotri the source of Bhagirathi River. Amar Singh Thapa paid four to five hundred rupees for building Gangotri temple. The temple was 16-20 feet high and on top of temple, the Katyuri Shikhar was fit. There were three four huts built by wood adjusting temple for pilgrims staying. When there used to crowd, the pilgrims used to stay in nearby caves.
  Before, Amar Singh Thapa came on scene, the Khas Budhere of Dharali were priests. Amar Singh Thapa handed over the priest ship to Keedu or Kedar Datt the forefather of present priest Panda Family. The land of Dharali and Makuva villages were donated to Gangotri temple. The revenue of Gharali was Rs 75 per annum. The land worth Rs 22 revenue was donated to Gangotri. The revenue of Mukva village was Rs 75 and half of the land was kept reserve for Gangotri.  That income Rs.37.50 was given to the priests. Later on, the heirs of Kedar Datt were there in Mukva village.
        It is said that Garhwal King man Shah donated Suparag Village for Gangotri but in Gurkha regime, Suprag village was abarren village along with Kachora and other villages.
   Gangotri pilgrim was very difficult and important also for Hindus. Many rich people used to pay money for other person to visit Gangotri on his behalf. Devotees used to take water in Gangotri and used to offer that Holy water in Vaidyanath and Rameshwar temples.
 Many people used to take water in Kanwad from Gaumukh (source of Bhagirathi) to plains and used to sell holy water.  
** History, Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Garhwal...Remaining part, read in next chapter

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com7/4//2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -604
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter 

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX
                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886 , Gazetteer of  Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Sharma , Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of aFive Years Residence at Nepaul Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti

XXX
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ks kumson psr Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal, Uttarakhand;कुमाऊं उत्तराखंड काइतिहास गढ़वाल उत्तराखंड का इतिहास डोटी पूर्व उत्तराखंड का इतिहास;गोरखाओं /गुर्खाओं का कुमाऊं पर अधिकार इतिहास गोरखाओं /गुर्खाओं कागढ़वाल पर अधिकार इतिहास गोरखाओं /गुर्खाओं का हिमाचल पर अधिकारइतिहास गोरखाओं /गुर्खाओं का  इतिहास नेपाल इतिहास
Xx
History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Garhwal; History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Pauri Garhwal; History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Chamoli Garhwal; History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Rudraprayag Garhwal; History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Tehri Garhwal; History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Uttarkashi Garhwal; History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Dehradun Garhwal; 
Xx
History: Major Temples of Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Dhangu, Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Lansdowne Tehsil Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Pauri Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Chamoli Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Rudraprayag Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Tehri Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Uttarkashi Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Dehradun Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period; History: Major Temples of Haridwar, Garhwal in Gurkha/Gorkha Period;  History of Yamunotri Temples in Garhwal,  History of Yamunotri Temples in Uttarkashi Garhwal, History of Yamunotri  Temple in Yamuna –Tones Rivers Valley Garhwal, History of Yamunotri Temples in Garhwal,  History of Yamunotri Temple Garhwal, History of Yamunotri Temple Uttarakhand, History of Yamunotri Temple Himalaya