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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, June 26, 2014

Jod Tal or Jod Music Beats of Dhol-Damau Playing created in Folk Dramas of Garhwal, Kumaon, and Haridwar

Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -177   
Rag Ragini, Tal, Music Beats, Music Notes or Music Scripts in Garhwali Folk Songs and Folk Music part -7

    गढ़वाली गीत संगीत (गढ़वाली लोक नाटकों में तालराग रागिनी-6
                             
                     Bhishma Kukreti (Folk Literature Research Scholar

             According to Indian Classic Dictionary, Jod means ‘Joining’ and usually the second section of instrumental alap in which a clear pulse is created. Vilambit means slow tempo and after Vilambit Tal it comes Madhya Tal that is fast ‘Laya’. Sthai means ‘constant standing and is first section of a composition which is frequently repeated.

               Jod Tal is specific beats of Dhpl Damau playing.  The Jod Tal is part of of Vilambit Lay and are having gaps in beats. The portion of beat are stopped for a moment artistically. Dhol player and Damau player should have extreme and fine coordination in creating Jod Tal. Jod Tal is usually on background of Shabad Tal. But Jod may be created before and after too.
                       ढोल -दमाऊ वादन में जोड़ ताल (बोल संयोजन )
मूल - स्वकेशव अनुरागी
इंटरनेट प्रस्तुति - भीष्म कुकरेती
ढोल -दमाऊ वादन में जोड़ ताल (बोल संयोजन ) के बारे में डा  शिवा नन्द नौटियाल लिखते हैं -
यह ताल कला की दृष्टि से अपरिमेय महत्व की है।  यह बिलम्बित लय प्रधान है।  इस ताल में लय का चलन विराम व्यवस्था से भरपूरहै।  अर्थात लय चलन एवं कृति (टुकड़ा ) बजाकर पल भर के लिए अवरुद्ध किया जाता है। तथा पुनः इसी क्रम में कृति -प्रकृतियाँप्रस्तुत की जाती हैं। कृतियों के कलात्मक संयोजन के कारण यह ताल रचना जोड़ कहलाती है। यह टुकड़े ढोल के पेशकारें हैं।  ढोलीऔर दमामी का सामूहिक प्रयास ऐसे पेशकारों को प्रस्तुत करना होता है। 
  जोड़ की कृतियाँ स्थाई की दुगुन तिगुण चौगुन आदि विभिन्न लयों में प्रस्तुत किये जाते हैं। जोड़ प्रस्तुत करना ही कलाकारिता काइम्तिहान है।
जोड़ की रचना प्रायः शबद की पृष्ठभूमि के रूप में प्रस्तुत की जाती है।  जोड़ बजाने के पश्चात शबद की अवतारणा अनिवार्य है और यहभी अनिवार्य नही है कि शबद के प्रारम्भ में जोड़ बजाया ही जाय।
जोड़ की स्थायी तथा उसकी कुछ कृतियों का स्वरूप इस प्रकार है -
स्थायी -
 झेई - - - झे - झेई - - - - , ता -,
ता ता झेई - - - त्रिणिता , झे -- ताग्ता
झगेक , झेई  - - -  II
कृति -1 -
झेंग्झेग् ,झेंग्झेग् , ताताग् -, ताग्झेग   ताताग्
झेता - - - ग्कत्गम तकतक , तृणिता  तृणिता , - -
ग्ता - ताताग् कग -ताग् ताग् -ताग्  ताता -झेई -- - -II
कृति -
झिग्  टिग झेगा -I तक तक झे ता - झेगत्  झेगतक
झेगु  ताग् झेता - I झेंगक् झेंगक् झेग् झेग-ताग I
ता - - - ग् ता - - - ग्।  ता ता ता - - ग् त्रिणी तक
ता ता ता - I ता ताग् , ता - - झेई - - -  I
कृति -
 झेगझेगातुक , झेतझेगतुक झिगिटतक् - - - I झिगिटि  , 
झिगिटि , झिगिटि तक - - - न्ह्न - - ता - - तागता 
तागता ,  ताता नहन - - ता - - ,  ग्झे ग् ता ग्
झेई - - - II

नीचे की लाइन चंद्राकार में दी गईं हैं
स्रोत्र -केशव अनुरागी द्वारा रचित नाद नंदिनी (अप्रकाशित )
संदर्भ - डा शिवानंद नौटियाल गढ़वाल के लोकनृत्य -गीत
सर्वाधिकार -श्रीमती केशव अनुरागी


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 21 /6/2014 for interpretation notes  
Contact ID -bckukreti@gmail.com
Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Community Dramas; Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional to be continued in next chapter
                 References
1-Bharat Natyashastra
2-Steve Tillis, 1999, Rethinking Folk Drama
3-Roger Abrahams, 1972, Folk Dramas in Folklore and Folk life 
4-Tekla Domotor , Folk drama as defined in Folklore and Theatrical Research
5-Kathyrn Hansen, 1991, Grounds for Play: The Nautanki Theater of North India
6-Devi Lal Samar, Lokdharmi Pradarshankari Kalayen 
7-Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 1-12
8-Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Loknritya geet
9-Jeremy Montagu, 2007, Origins and Development of Musical Instruments
10-Gayle Kassing, 2007, History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach
11- Bhishma Kukreti, 2013, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhya Tatva va Charitra, Shailvani, Kotdwara
12- Bhishma Kukreti, 2007, Garhwali Lok Swangun ma rasa ar Bhav , Chithipatri
13-Manorama Sharma, Tribal Melodies of Himachal Pradesh: Gaddi Folk Music
14- Anoop Chandola, 1977, Folk Drumming in Himalaya: A Linguistic Approach to Music 
15- Jugal Kishor Petshali, 2002, Uttaranchal ke Lok Vadya
16- Jason Busniewski, Bagpiping in the Indian Himalaya
17- Ian Woodfield, 2000, Music of the Raj
18-Stefen Fiol, 2008, Constructing Regionalism: Discourses of Spirituality and Cultural Poverty in Music of Uttarakhand, North India
19- Andrew Alter, Mountainous Sound Spaces-Listening to History and Music in the Uttarakhand Himalayas 
20 Keshav Anuragi
21 Dayashankar Bhatt 
 XX
Jod Tal or Jod Music Beats of Dhol-Damau Playing created in  Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays;  Jod Tal or Jod Music Beats of Dhol-Damau Playing created in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Chamoli Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Jod Tal or Jod Music Beats of Dhol-Damau Playing created in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Rudraprayag Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Jod Tal or Jod Music Beats of Dhol-Damau Playing created  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Pauri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Jod Tal or Jod Music Beats of Dhol-Damau Playing created in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Tehri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Jod Tal or Jod Music Beats of Dhol-Damau Playing created in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Uttarkashi GaGarhwal, North India, South Asia;   Jod Tal or Jod Music Beats of Dhol-Damau Playing created in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Dehradun Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Jod Tal or Jod Music Beats of Dhol-Damau Playing created in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Haridwar Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Jod Tal or Jod Music Beats of Dhol-Damau Playing created in Folk Dramas of Haridwar; Jod Tal or Jod Music Beats of Dhol-Damau Playing created in Folk Dramas of Pithoragarh Kumaon; Jod Tal or Jod Music Beats of Dhol-Damau Playing created in Folk Dramas of Bageshwar Kumaon; Jod Tal or Jod Music Beats ofDhol-Damau Playing created in Folk Dramas of Champawat Kumaon; Jod Tal or Jod Music Beats of Dhol-Damau Playing created in Folk Dramas of Almora Kumaon; Jod Tal or Jod Music Beats of Dhol-Damau Playing created in Folk Dramas of Nainital Kumaon;  Jod Tal or Jod Music Beats of Dhol-Damau Playing created in Folk Dramas of Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon;