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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, June 2, 2014

History Review of Relationship of Garhwal King Manshah with Mogul Empire and Western Kingdoms

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -108      
                                            
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -354 

                       ByBhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

            According to Bahuguna Vanshavali, Manshah also believed on Tantrik-Mantrik Power and used to perform various Tantrik-Mantrik rituals. Bahuguna Vanshavali states that Bharat Kavi’s Mantrik and Tantrik chanting influenced Manshah winning Utkal, Kameth , Visher, Sirmaur Kingdoms in west of Garhwal Kingdom. However, there is no proof for the statement.

                 Relationship of Manshah with Mogul Empire

  Manodaya Kavya and Bahuguna Vanshvali confirm that Manshah had amicable relation with Mogul Emperor.
  According to Bahuguna Vanshavali, Bharat Bahuguna Kavi was sent to Mogul court for some tax problems. Bharat Kavi influenced Mogul Emperor by his astrological knowledge and happily Mogul Emperor offered Garhwal King the position of Shah. From Man Shah, the Garhwal King or Pal kings started naming them as Shah. Mogul Emperor offered Jyotishray title to Bharat.
  There is mention and praise of Bharat Kavi in Jahangirnama. However, there is no mention of Bharat Kavi or Jyotishray in Akbarnama.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com31/5/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -355
                                                              
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
27- H. Blochmann, 1873,  Aine e- Akbari Translation
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter          
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued
XX
History Review of Relationship of Garhwal King Manshah with Mogul Empire and Western Kingdoms; History Review of Relationship of Garhwal King Manshah with Mogul Empire and Western Kingdoms in context History of Pauri Garhwal; History Review of Relationship of Garhwal King Manshah with Mogul Empire and Western Kingdoms in context History of Chamoli Garhwal; History Review of Relationship of Garhwal King Manshah with Mogul Empire and Western Kingdoms in context History of Rudraprayag Garhwal; History Review of Relationship of Garhwal King Manshah with Mogul Empire and Western Kingdoms in context History of Tehri Garhwal; History Review of Relationship of Garhwal King Manshah with Mogul Empire and Western Kingdoms in context History of Uttarkashi Garhwal; History Review of Relationship of Garhwal King Manshah with Mogul Empire and Western Kingdoms in context History of Dehradun Garhwal; History Review of Relationship of Garhwal King Manshah with Mogul Empire and Western Kingdoms in context History of Haridwar Garhwal;