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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, June 26, 2014

Dadra, Chanchar, Kaharva, Roopak Tal/Bol or Music Beats in Dholak and Hudka Playing

Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -179   
Classical Rag Ragini, Tal, Music Beats, Music Notes or Music Scripts in Garhwali Folk Songs and Folk Music part -9

    गढ़वाली लोक गीत संगीत (गढ़वाली लोक नाटकों में तालराग रागिनी-8
                             
                     Bhishma Kukreti (Folk Literature Research Scholar

           Dholak is mainly played by Badi or Dhakki of Garhwal region. However, Jagari (ritual music performer) uses Dholak in Hantya and Sayyed Nachai religious rituals. Dholak is played by open handed. In folk music close hands (suppressed) are not used on playing such music instrument.
            Dadra, Kahrua, Chanchar, Rupak and other specific ‘Chal’ beats are used in Dholak play in Garhwal.            
                     ढोलक  व हुड़का वादन के मुख्य शास्त्रीय संगीत ताल
ढोलक मुख्यतः बंदियों द्वारा बजाया जाता है।  किन्तु हंत्या व सय्यद घड़ेळो में जागरी ढोलक का प्रयोग करते हैं।
गढ़वाल -कुमाऊं में ढोलक मुक्त हाथों से बजाया जाता है ।
ढोलक से लोक तालों में दादरा कहरवा चाँचर रूपक के अतिरिक्त कुछ विशेष तालों का भी प्रयोग होता है जो इस प्रकार हैं -


                             Dadra Tal/ Music Beats in Dholak Playing

                         Dadra Tal has six counts (3+3).
                ढोलक  व हुड़का वादन में दादरा ताल 
धा गिन - ।   ता धिनक धिन्

  Chanchar or Dipchandi Tal /Music Beats in Dholak Playing

       Chanchar Tal has 14 counts (3+4+3+4 ).
                 ढोलक  व हुड़का वादन में चाँचर  ताल
धा गिन् -।त   धिन । त गि  न् ।  धा - धा -।

        Kaharva or Kahrua Tal/ Music Beats in Dholak Playing

 Kaharva or Kahrua Tal has eight counts in Indian classic music (4 +4)
             ढोलक  व हुड़का वादन में  कहरवा /कहरुआ  ताल
धिंग   तक   धिंग     तक     धिंग तक धिन् -
तगि न्न धा धा।  धिंग क धिन् -

                       Roopak Tal or Music Beats in Dholak Playing

                    Roopak Tal has seven counts (3+2+2)


                ढोलक  व हुड़का वादन में  रूपक  ताल
 धा  कत । धा कत। धा गिं ता  




बोल लिपि स्रोत्र -केशव अनुरागी द्वारा रचित नाद नंदिनी (अप्रकाशित )
संदर्भ - डा शिवानंद नौटियाल गढ़वाल के लोकनृत्य -गीत
बोल लिपि सर्वाधिकार -श्रीमती केशव अनुरागी
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 24 /6/2014 for interpretation notes  
Contact ID -bckukreti@gmail.com
Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Community Dramas; Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional to be continued in next chapter
                 References
1-Bharat Natyashastra
2-Steve Tillis, 1999, Rethinking Folk Drama
3-Roger Abrahams, 1972, Folk Dramas in Folklore and Folk life 
4-Tekla Domotor , Folk drama as defined in Folklore and Theatrical Research
5-Kathyrn Hansen, 1991, Grounds for Play: The Nautanki Theater of North India
6-Devi Lal Samar, Lokdharmi Pradarshankari Kalayen 
7-Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 1-12
8-Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Loknritya geet
9-Jeremy Montagu, 2007, Origins and Development of Musical Instruments
10-Gayle Kassing, 2007, History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach
11- Bhishma Kukreti, 2013, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhya Tatva va Charitra, Shailvani, Kotdwara
12- Bhishma Kukreti, 2007, Garhwali Lok Swangun ma rasa ar Bhav , Chithipatri
13-Manorama Sharma, Tribal Melodies of Himachal Pradesh: Gaddi Folk Music
14- Anoop Chandola, 1977, Folk Drumming in Himalaya: A Linguistic Approach to Music 
15- Jugal Kishor Petshali, 2002, Uttaranchal ke Lok Vadya
16- Jason Busniewski, Bagpiping in the Indian Himalaya
17- Ian Woodfield, 2000, Music of the Raj
18-Stefen Fiol, 2008, Constructing Regionalism: Discourses of Spirituality and Cultural Poverty in Music of Uttarakhand, North India
19- Andrew Alter, Mountainous Sound Spaces-Listening to History and Music in the Uttarakhand Himalayas 
20 Keshav Anuragi
21 Dayashankar Bhatt 
22- Glossary of Indian Classic Music
 XX
Dadra, Chanchar, Kaharva, Roopak Tal/Bol or Music Beats in Dholak and Hudka Playing in Folk Songs (Dramas) of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar; Dadra, Chanchar, Kaharva, Roopak Tal/Bol or Music Beats in Dholak and Hudka Playing in Folk Songs (Dramas) of Pauri Garhwal; Dadra, Chanchar, Kaharva, Roopak Tal/Bol or Music Beats in Dholak and Hudka Playing in Folk Songs (Dramas) of Chamoli Garhwal; Dadra, Chanchar, Kaharva, Roopak Tal/Bol or Music Beats in Dholak and Hudka Playing in Folk Songs (Dramas) of Rudraprayag Garhwal; Dadra, Chanchar, Kaharva, Roopak Tal/Bol or Music Beats in Dholak and Hudka Playing in Folk Songs (Dramas) of Tehri Garhwal; Dadra, Chanchar, Kaharva, Roopak Tal/Bol or Music Beats in Dholak and Hudka Playing in Folk Songs (Dramas) of Uttarkashi Garhwal; Dadra, Chanchar, Kaharva, Roopak Tal/Bol or Music Beats in Dholak and Hudka Playing in Folk Songs (Dramas) of Dehradun Garhwal; Dadra, Chanchar, Kaharva, Roopak Tal/Bol or Music Beats in Dholak and Hudka Playing in Folk Songs (Dramas) of Haridwar; Dadra, Chanchar, Kaharva, Roopak Tal/Bol or Music Beats in Dholak and Hudka Playing in Folk Songs (Dramas) of Pithoragarh  Kumaon; Dadra, Chanchar, Kaharva, Roopak Tal/Bol or Music Beats in Dholak and Hudka Playing in Folk Songs (Dramas) of Bageshwar Kumaon; Dadra, Chanchar, Kaharva, Roopak Tal/Bol or Music Beats in Dholak and Hudka Playing in Folk Songs (Dramas) of Champawat Kumaon; Dadra, Chanchar, Kaharva, Roopak Tal/Bol or Music Beats in Dholak and Hudka Playing in Folk Songs (Dramas) of Almora Kumaon; Dadra, Chanchar, Kaharva, Roopak Tal/Bol or Music Beats in Dholak and Hudka Playing in Folk Songs (Dramas) of Almora Kumaon; Dadra, Chanchar, Kaharva, Roopak Tal/Bol or Music Beats in Dholak and Hudka Playing in Folk Songs (Dramas) of Nainital Kumaon; Dadra, Chanchar, Kaharva, Roopak Tal/Bol or Music Beats in Dholak and Hudka Playing in Folk Songs (Dramas) of Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon;