उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका की गतिविधियाँ ई-मेल पर

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, June 2, 2014

History Review of Bharat Kavi Bahuguna the Court Poet of Garhwal King Manshah

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -110      
                                            
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -356 

                       ByBhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

           In the court of Garhwal King Manshah, Bharat Bahuguna was Sanskrit poet and astrologer. Bharat Bahuguna was born in Pokhari , Chalansyun, Devalgarh Pargana, Pauri Garhwal. His father name was Ram Ji.
 Bharat Bahuguna created a Sanskrit ‘Manodaya Kavya’. Only four parts of ‘Manodaya Kavya’ are available. Medhkar Shastri Bahuguna copied ‘Manodaya Kavya’ in 1782. Shambhu Prasad bahguna published ‘Manodaya Kavya’ in his Virat Hridaya book.
 ‘Manodaya Kavya’ is a not long poetry book but is gracious from literature point of view. Poet Bharat Bahuguna describes the battle of Painkhand very effectively. There are ample uses of figure of speeches especially for praising Garhwal King Manshah and his predecessors. The poetries also reflect History of Garhwal. There are effects of Kalidas on the poetries.
                       Bharat Bahuguna as Astrologer

 There are mentions of Jyotikray in Akbarnama and Jahangir Nama. Bahugun-Banshcharit (1991) states that Buddhi Vilash Bahguna went to see Akbar and he made Janmaptri of Akbar and got title of Jytikhray.
Bahguna-Vanshcharit also states that Bharat Kavi went to see Janhagir and got title of Jyotishray.
 Tajuk Janhagiri and Jahangirnama describe the astrological knowledge of Jyotishray. Jahangir, twice, also rewarded Jyotishray by cash. Jahangirnama describes about Jyotishray in the year 1622. It means, Bharat Bahuguna or Jyotishray created Manodaya Kavya before 1622.  

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com2/6/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -357
                                                              
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
27- H. Blochmann, 1873,  Aine e- Akbari Translation
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter          
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued
XX
History Review of Bharat Kavi Bahuguna the Court Poet of Garhwal King Manshah;  History Review of Bharat Kavi Bahuguna the Court Poet of Garhwal King Manshah in context History of Chalansyun Garhwal; History Review of Bharat Kavi Bahuguna the Court Poet of Garhwal King Manshah in context History of Devalgarh Garhwal; History Review of Bharat Kavi Bahuguna the Court Poet of Garhwal King Manshah in context History of Pauri Garhwal; History Review of Bharat Kavi Bahuguna the Court Poet of Garhwal King Manshah in context History of Chamoli Garhwal;  History Review of Bharat Kavi Bahuguna the Court Poet of Garhwal King Manshah in context History of Rudraprayag Garhwal; History Review of Bharat Kavi Bahuguna the Court Poet of Garhwal King Manshah in context History of Tehri Garhwal; History Review of Bharat Kavi Bahuguna the Court Poet of Garhwal King Manshah in context History of Uttarkashi Garhwal; History Review of Bharat Kavi Bahuguna the Court Poet of Garhwal King Manshah in context History of Dehradun Garhwal;  History Review of Bharat Kavi Bahuguna the Court Poet of Garhwal King Manshah in context History of Haridwar Garhwal;