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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, June 4, 2014

Bheri or Dundubi a Membrane /Membranophonus Folk Musical Instrument of Garhwali Folk Dramas

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -164  
                  गढ़वाली लोक नाटकों के वाद्य यंत्र
                             
                     Bhishma Kukreti (Folk Literature Research Scholar)

           Dhol Sagar a philosophical manuscript describes Bheri or Dundubi as musical instrument. Mahabharat also describes Bheri as musical instrument. Bhri or Dundubi is a different type of Nakkara. Usually Bheri or Dundubi is made of bronze or brass and looks as Tabla. The height of Dundubi or Bheri is 2 ½ feet to 3 feet. The face is made of leather and is played by sticks and in some places only by hand.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 3/6/2014
Contact ID -bckukreti@gmail.com
Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Community Dramas; Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional to be continued in next chapter
                 References
1-Bharat Natyashastra
2-Steve Tillis, 1999, Rethinking Folk Drama
3-Roger Abrahams, 1972, Folk Dramas in Folklore and Folk life 
4-Tekla Domotor , Folk drama as defined in Folklore and Theatrical Research
5-Kathyrn Hansen, 1991, Grounds for Play: The Nautanki Theater of North India
6-Devi Lal Samar, Lokdharmi Pradarshankari Kalayen 
7-Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 1-12
8-Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Loknritya geet
9-Jeremy Montagu, 2007, Origins and Development of Musical Instruments
10-Gayle Kassing, 2007, History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach
11- Bhishma Kukreti, 2013, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhya Tatva va Charitra, Shailvani, Kotdwara
12- Bhishma Kukreti, 2007, Garhwali Lok Swangun ma rasa ar Bhav , Chithipatri
13-Manorama Sharma, Tribal Melodies of Himachal Pradesh: Gaddi Folk Music
14- Anoop Chandola, 1977, Folk Drumming in Himalaya: A Linguistic Approach to Music 
15- Jugal Kishor Petshali, 2002, Uttaranchal ke Lok Vadya
16- Jason Busniewski, Bagpiping in the Indian Himalaya
17- Ian Woodfield, 2000, Music of the Raj
18-Stefen Fiol, 2008, Constructing Regionalism: Discourses of Spirituality and Cultural Poverty in Music of Uttarakhand, North India
19- Andrew Alter, Mountainous Sound Spaces-Listening to History and Music in the Uttarakhand Himalayas  
 XX
Bheri or Dundubi a Membrane Folk Musical Instrument of Garhwali Folk Dramas from Garhwal; Bheri or Dundubi a Membrane Folk Musical Instrument of Garhwali Folk Dramas from Haridwar Garhwal; Bheri or Dundubi a Membrane Folk Musical Instrument of Garhwali Folk Dramas from Dehradun Garhwal; Bheri or Dundubi a Membrane Folk Musical Instrument of Garhwali Folk Dramas from Uttarkashi Garhwal; Bheri or Dundubi a Membrane Folk Musical Instrument of Garhwali Folk Dramas from Tehri Garhwal; Bheri or Dundubi a Membrane Folk Musical Instrument of Garhwali Folk Dramas from Chamoli Garhwal; Bheri or Dundubi a Membrane Folk Musical Instrument of Garhwali Folk Dramas from Rudraprayag Garhwal;