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Tuesday, December 30, 2014

Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah: Who Used Diplomacy for Gorkha Kingdom Extension

History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -5
  
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -524

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

                  Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah (1697-1743)
          Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah (1697-1743) was grandson of Prtithvi Pati Shah, son of Bir Bhadra shah and father of Pritvi Narayan Shah.
 Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah was ambitious and courageous King.
      The Nepal region was divided in three Kingdoms – Bhadgaon, Patan and Kathumandu. The Kings of those Kingdoms were from same blood link. However, they used to fight for pity matters too.
              Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah initiated the strategy for capturing Nepal Kingdoms under Gorkha Kingdom.
          Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah increased armed forces and used various diplomatic tactics for capturing other territories.
          Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah had marriages of his family members with the King families of Parvat, Khanchi, Palpa and Tanhu. 
 After preparation, he attacked to Nuvakot. Nuvakot army defeated Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah army. Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah blamed to his Army Chief Jay Prakash Mall for the defeat and exiled him.  Jay Prakash Mall took asylum under Kathmandu King. Kathmandu King helped Nuvakot Kingdom in the battle. Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah had treaty with Bhadgaon King that was enemy of Kathmandu King. Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah sent his ten years old son Prtithvi Narayan Shah to Bhadgaon to live there. Prithvi Narayan Shah took full knowledge of Bhadgaon.
 Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah decided to marry his son Prithvi Narayan Shah with daughter of Hemkaran Sen the Makwanpur Kingdom King. Makwanpur was at strategic territory to circle Nuvakot and Kathmandu Kingdoms. However, after marriage, Hemkarn Sen refused to sned his daughter to Gorkha Land.
 Angered Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah married his son Prithvi Narayan Shah with daughter of Ahiman Singh of Banras Jil. Later on Gorkha King Nara Bhupal Shah married his other two sons with daughters of Ahiman Singh family.
Those diplomatic tactics became powerful tool for Prithvi Narayan Shah for extending Gorkha Kingdom.  

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com29/12/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -525
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
XX
History of Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Nainital, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand;  Gorkha Rule over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Champawat, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh;