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Monday, December 15, 2014

Sanskar (Religious Ceremonies) in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Period

Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -74 

   History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -264     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -511

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)


 There are said to be 48 Sanskar (religious Ceremonies) performances in a life of Hindu.  However, there are 16 main Sanskar those are to be performed by all barring Shilpkar or they are exempted to do so. In each Sanskar, family performs a specific religious ceremony through Pundit.
1-Garbhadhan or egg formation –This Sanskar was /is not performed in Garhwal. Or if at all was performed only by King or very rich family.
2-Punsvan or Godbharai –Historians did not mention about this Sanskar performance in Garhwal
3 Seemantonnayan and 4 Jatkram Sanskar was also not mentioned by historian in Garhwal.
4- Birth –Women used to sing folk song after a boy baby used to take birth.
5-Namkaran or Naming Ceremony –Definitely the upper caste people used to perform this ceremony on eleventh day of birth.
6-Niskraman or Pavitra ceremony was performed on 2nd day of baby delivery and from this day newly mother could touch others and could enter into kitchen etc.
7-Annaprasan or feeding grains food to the child- Very rarely performed in Garhwal.
8-11- Yagyopavit or Chudakram , Keshnat and Karnbhed ( ear piercing)  of boy
12-Vedarambh or initiating education- Only elite Brahmins used to perform this Sanskar.
13-Keshnat or cutting head hair- Elite families used to perform Keshant ceremony
14-Marriage
15- Bachidan before death very rarely
16-Anteshthi or death ceremony
After death, there were religious ceremonies of Tirain /Terhaveen thirteenth day of death, Barkhi on completing twelfth month and Shradh every year.
 Upper cast people used to burn the dead body near a river and bones were submerged in Ganga. A stone picked up from Ganga shore was kept in Pitarkudi as member of Pitar or forfathers . Pitarkudi used to be in village. The Shilpkar used burn their dead relative on a hill top and a Tumadi with water was hung on a tree branch there.
  Every male including boy from a Mundit (families of a link) used to shave their head after death of a family member).
Children were buried nearby village.




Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com14/12/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -512
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued

XX                     
Notes on Garhwal ka Itihas, Garhwal ka Madhy Yugin Itihas , South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period   History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal;  South Asian Modern History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period  History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period  History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal
Xx 
History aspects of Sanskar (Religious Ceremonies) in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Period; History aspects of Sanskar (Religious Ceremonies) in North Garhwal in Pal/Shah Period; History aspects of Sanskar (Religious Ceremonies) in South Garhwal in Pal/Shah Period; History aspects of Sanskar (Religious Ceremonies) in East Garhwal in Pal/Shah Period; History aspects of Sanskar (Religious Ceremonies) in West Garhwal in Pal/Shah Period;