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Tuesday, December 30, 2014

Gorkha King Rama Shah: Introducer of Many Laws or Muluki Ain or Edicts

History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -3
  
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -522

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)
                    Rama Shah (1606-1636)
  Rama Shah was grandson of Dravya shah and got crown after death of his elder brother Kshtra Shah. Their father Purendra Shah ruled Gorkha Land for thirty five year and Kshatra Shah only for seven months. King Rama Shah established a monastery in 1936 .
  It is said that Rama Shah extended the Gorkha territories Trisuli valley near Nepal proper;He extended his rule up to Tibet and west too.
 Rama Shah sent his missionaries to Delhi, Udaipur and Patan.
 Besides, skill in foreign relations, he became famous for law giver in Central and West Nepal. Gorkha became the place where disputes were resolved.
Gorkhavamsavali states that Rama Shah used to resolve disputes. There are 26 or 27 edicts in Gorkhavamsavali and it is said that Rama Shah promulgated a small porticos of those dictates. These edicts are not codes but are single order proclaims. They cover following topics-
1-The Royal Guru
2-On Measures
3-On Weights
4-About Debts of Grains
5-On Money Debts
6-On disputes over watering places
7- On Disputes over Oil Presses
8-On Irrigation canal Disputes
9-On Rewards of Land to Brahmins
10-Six Clans
11-Pasture for Cattle
12-On Preservation of Trees on road side
13- On Preservation of Trees at Watering Sources
14-On Banishment of Brahmin and their kin committing murder
15-On Execution of Members of other group committing murder
16-On Wearing Gold
18-Edicts lost
19-Duties of Brahmins
20 Duties of Pande Brahmins in Gorkha
21-On Worship in Talla Kot and Darbar
22-On Appointments of Dada etc
23-On Harvest Division
24-On Twelve and Eighteen Thar
25-On Agreement of Kingdom of Patan with King of King Siddhi Narsimha Malla
26-On touching stone in Expiation
27-On Witches


(From –Gyevali , 1933, Rama Shah ko Jivani, Darjeeling and www.lawcommision.gov.np )
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com26/12/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -523
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Gorkhavamsavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021  
XX
History of Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Nainital, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Uttarakhand;  Gorkha Rule over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Champawat, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Gorkha Rule over Himachal Pradesh;