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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

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Monday, December 15, 2014

Children Rights in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period

Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -73 

   History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -263     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -510

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

           The children of Brahmin by Brahmin wife and children of Rajput by Rajput wife were called ‘Asal’ (real or pur) and children from non Caste wife as Harijan, Keep (Rakhail), Dhanti (maid) by Rajput or Brahmin were called ‘kamsal’ or not real or not pure. The childn from maid (Dasi) was called the lowest form of child. Bandi or Dasi ka Baccha was an abusive word.
     The Jhantela Bacche or children of a Dhanti wife from earlier husbands would be called the children of newer husband.
  The young widow having children could keep a new husband from same segment of society and would allow him to stay with her in her dead husband house. Such husband would be caaled ‘Kathala’ or ‘Tikwa’ (Servant) husband. The children of such woman from Kathala’ husband would be called children of old husband only. However, if the widow did not have children from her dead husband she was not allowed to have Tikkwa or Kathala husband.
  If a man died and he did not have sons the State used to have right on such land. The daughters did not have right on land in Pal dynasty. That was the reasons that  a man used to have many wives for having sons to keep land in his heirs possession.
Even the man who did have sons from earlier wife would marry with a Dhanti having sons from earlier husband as then in such case, State could not take the land in its possession.


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com13/12/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -511
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued

XX                     
Notes on Garhwal ka Itihas, Garhwal ka Madhy Yugin Itihas , South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period   History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal;  South Asian Modern History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period  History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period  History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal