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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, December 30, 2014

Story of Establishment of Gorkha Kingdom in Context History of Kumaon, Garhwal and Himachal Pradesh

History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -1
  
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -520

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

                    Gorkha is former Kingdom in confederation of 24 States or Gadhi Chaubeesi or twenty four Garhis. Gorkha kingdom was located in present North West Nepal. Gorkha was a famous hill city (55 miles North West of Kathmandu). It is said that Guru Gorakhnath did Tapsya in this Hill. There were Magar, garud, Thakuri and Khas the upper caste families and Harijan families Damai and Sarki. Bisht, Thapa, Basnet, Kunwar were major Khas people. All those people were called Gorkha. Doti, Tulu, Jumla, Chaubisis and Kumauni were called Padi or Pahadi. The inscription state Gorkha as Gorshya.  iIn fact, Nepali of other territories of Nepal are not Gorshya or Gorkha.
                  Old Stories about Origin of Gorkhas
          Bappa rawal was the prince of Mewar Kingdom. Gorkhas claim that they are descent of Brahmin and Rajput of North India (Rajasthan). Bappa Rawal was a warrior and was hiding as hunter in a Rajasthan forest where he met Guru Gorakhnath. Guru Gorakhnath presented a Khukri to Bappa Rawal and offered blessing too. The Guru taught Bappa Rawal to defend Muslim invasion. Bappa Rawal stopped Muslim advancement in Afghanistan.
 The descendents of Bappa Rawal won a small territory of Nepal (present Gorkha region) and named that territory as Gorkha for offering honor to Guru Gorakhnath.
 The Bhashavanshavali state that Khanchha was eldest son of Bhupal became the ruler of Magarant ( Bhirkot, Satahu and Garhu ). His youngest son Meecha (Abhay Singh) established his rule over Nuvakot and west part. Kulmundan the descendent of Meecha got the Crown of Nuvakot. Kulmundan got title as Shah by pleasing Delhi Mughal Emperor.
 There is no historical witness for proving Bhashavanshavali and folk stories.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com24/12/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -521
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
XX
Story of Establishing the Gorkha Kingdom in Context History of Doti Nepal; Kumaon, Garhwal and Himachal Pradesh; Story of Establishing the Gorkha Kingdom in Context History of Doti Nepal; Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Pauri Garhwal and Himachal Pradesh; Story of Establishing the Gorkha Kingdom in Context History of Doti Nepal; Nainital Kumaon, Chamoli Garhwal and Himachal Pradesh; Story of Establishing the Gorkha Kingdom in Context History of Doti Nepal; Almora Kumaon, Rudraprayag Garhwal and Himachal Pradesh; Story of Establishing the Gorkha Kingdom in Context History of Doti Nepal; Champawat Kumaon, Tehri Garhwal and Himachal Pradesh; Story of Establishing the Gorkha Kingdom in Context History of Doti Nepal; Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarkashi Garhwal and Himachal Pradesh; Story of Establishing the Gorkha Kingdom in Context History of Doti Nepal; Pithoragarh Kumaon, Dehradun Garhwal and Himachal Pradesh;