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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

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Monday, December 8, 2014

Joint Family Custom, Cooperation in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Dynasty History

Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -69 

   History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -259     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -506

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)
 Joint Family was common and needed norm of Garhwal in Pal/Shah Kingdom.
            Initially, each village had a sub group of Khas Race. They dug forest on descending region for making contour farms. They had two three Shilpkar families in their villages. When new familes entered in the village due to any reason, the new family had newer Thok.
 Jhalu Budya or Old man used to stay with joint families corresponding of sons, grandsons etc. People used to divide families in rare circumstances. When there was need of more space, they used to add new hut just adjusting the old house. Tow-three families used to occupy one room.  Many husband and wife of a family used to sleep in Gaushala, Goth (temporary tent for cattle in Farms). The first united form of families was called Mundit means the people of Mundit would shave heads at the time of death of aperson in Mundit.
 The right on farm land would till harvesting is not completed. As soon as harvesting was finished the farm land used to become common land for grazing for cattle. The people had equal rights on water resources, forests, forest produces, paths, grazing regions, fruit trees on village land other than farm land.
 Most of the rituals and festivals, hunting (Ayedi) , fishing (Machaul) were celebrated and pefromed together.
 When there is work for building or repairing house of a family, every village family used to contribute their labor for building /repairing the houses. Same way, in marriage performances or feast, the people used to cooperate in cutting wood, bring leaves for Pattal, water etc.
There was cooperation among villages of the area for various purposes.
Each village had its own Bhumiya, Kshetrapal, Nagraja, Gwill temple.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com8/12/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -507
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued

XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal
Xx 
Joint Family Custom, Cooperation in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Dynasty History; Joint Family Custom, Cooperation in Chamoli Garhwal in Pal /Shah Dynasty History; Joint Family Custom, Cooperation in Rudraprayag Garhwal in Pal /Shah Dynasty History; Joint Family Custom, Cooperation in Tehri Garhwal in Pal /Shah Dynasty History; Joint Family Custom, Cooperation in Uttarkashi Garhwal in Pal /Shah Dynasty History; Joint Family Custom, Cooperation in Dehradun Garhwal in Pal /Shah Dynasty History; Joint Family Custom, Cooperation in Pauri Garhwal in Pal /Shah Dynasty History; Joint Family Custom, Cooperation in Haridwar around Pal /Shah Dynasty History;