Historical details of ‘Chakrvyuh’ Drama in Garhwal
These days, ‘Chakrvyuh’ a Garhwali poetic or lyrical-prose drama is in news in Mumbai. The Garhwali and Kumauni audience is very much curious to watch the well liked drama ‘Chakrvyuh’ being staged in Kauthig.
However, there is a long astounding history of dramatization of Chakrvyuh theme in Garhwal.
Mahabharata is never-ending mine for dramas in modern days. Chakrvyuh episode of Mahabharata attracted many dramatists for writing and staging plays in their own languages. ‘Chakrvyuh’ is based on the sacrifice and chivalry of Abhimanyu in Kurukshetra battle.
Chandra Singh Butola and Bachan Ram Gairola ‘Arya’ wrote ‘‘Chakrvyuh’ drama in Hindi. The drama was definitely fully based on the Parsi theatre style. Hindi version ‘Chakrvyuh’ was first staged in 1901 in Kandara village of today’s Rudraprayag district. People took interest in the drama and started to take shape into folk drama in Kedar valley.
In seventies, Pratap Singh Bisht of Barasnadi wrote ‘Chakrvyuh’ script again in Hindi and staged it in his village Barsnadi, Rudraprayag district. Credit goes to Pratap singh Bisht for popularizing the drama ‘Chakrvyuh’ in Keadr valley.
Dr.Data Ram Purohit, Shri S. Karnpal and Krishna Nand Nautiyal wrote a script of ‘Chakrvyuh’ in Garhwali and staged it in the year 2001 in Jamohari village, Rudraprayag.
The Garhwali version of ‘Chakrvyuh’ dram is gigantic from production point of view. There were 300 performers for the drama when it was staged in Mangoli, Ukhimath. The Garhwali version drama ‘Chakrvyuh’ is staged in Shrinagar, Dehradun too and got appreciation from the audience for its proffesonalistic approach and giganticness.
The above scripted drama ‘Chakrvyuh’ was staged in Delhi in 2011 in Mahabharata Utsav of 2011.
Garhwalis will always remember the contribution of playwrights Dr.Data Ram Purohit, Shri S. Karnpal and Krishna Nand Nautiyal for conceptualizing and writing ‘Chakrvyuh’ drama in Garhwali.
Curtsy to Dr D.R Purohit
copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti