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Thursday, February 19, 2015

History of Proverb ‘Narshah ka Mangal’ in Kumaon

History of Proverb ‘Narshah ka Mangal’ in Kumaon
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -38
  
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -557

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)
 Nepal Kingdom deputed Narsha as its Governor to Kumaon in 1793. Narshah rule is named in Kumaon history by people as Atyachari Jalim Narshahi Mangal’ or ‘Tormentor and Cruel Narshahi’
 Kumaon and Garhwal Kings used to call and settle Soldiers from Himachal and elsewhere to suppress aggressive Khas soldiers and people. These soldiers were called as Nagarkotiya Ayudhjivi or Nagarkotiya. Nagarkotiya married in Kumaon with Rajput and Khas communities and became Kumaon citizens. They used have different hair Style called Zulfen and Zulfen or hair Lock was identity of Nagarkoti people. Nagarkotiya were positioned on higher positions in Kumaon administration by Chand Kings.
 Common Kumaon people accepted the suppression, oppression and cruelty of Gorkha Rulers. However, Nagarkotiya did not accept the Gorkha oppression.
 Narshah suspected the loyalty of Nagarkotiya officers. He was sure that Nagarkotiya soldiers, officers and people were against Gorkha rule. Narshah ordered to kill Nagarkotiya in different villages on Tuesday Night or Mangal ki Rat. Gorkha soldiers killed Nagarkoti people in various villages with cruelest means. Their Zulf were identity and it was easy for Gorkha soldiers to recognize Nagarkoti. A few Nagarkoti got information and they cut their hair lock and ran away from the territory. Today, the suppressive and cruel acts is still called ‘Narshahi ka Mangal’ in Kumaon. It is a proverb now.
                      Killing of Dhaunkal Singh Bisnyat
 Gorkha officers misbehaved not only to people of Kumaon buy they were crule with Kumaon administrators too. Dhaukal Singh Bisnyat was governor of Kumaon in 1800-1801. There was quarrel among Gorkha soldiers. Bisnyat wanted to kill his own soldier. Angry  Dhakriya  (retired soldier) killed Dhaunkal Singh Bisnyat by gun but.
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com17/2/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -557
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886 , Gazetteer of  Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B D pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Sharma , Nepal kin Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press

XX
History of Gorkha Rule in Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh;History of Gorkha Rule in Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh;
XXX
History of Proverb ‘Narshah ka Mangal’ in Kumaon; History of Proverb ‘Narshah ka Mangal’ in Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon; History of Proverb ‘Narshah ka Mangal’ in Nainital Kumaon; History of Proverb ‘Narshah ka Mangal’ in Almora Kumaon; History of Proverb ‘Narshah ka Mangal’ in Champawat Kumaon; History of Proverb ‘Narshah ka Mangal’ in Bageshwar Kumaon; History of Proverb ‘Narshah ka Mangal’ in Pithoragarh Kumaon;