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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, February 3, 2015

Gorkha Army Looting Tibet Temples and Gorkha Reaching Kali River

History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -22
  
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -541

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

               Gorkha Army up to Teesta River , Sikkim
             Regent Bahadur Shah dominated the Nepal Politics. With the aid of his army generals Damodar Pande and Amar Singh Thapa, Bahadur Shah crushed Sikkim up to Teesta River. Sikkim Ruler accepted the sovereignty of Nepal. Gorkha Rule was at least till 1817 and Sikkim used to pay tribute every year, to Gorkha Kingdom.
                   Gorkha Army Looting Tibet Temples
 In 1788, Gorkha Army marched towards North and captured a few Tibetan Provinces. Gorkha Kingdom gave reasons for attacking on peaceful Tibet that Tibet ruler increased import duty on Nepal goods.
 Nepali Historians argued that conflict was due to Coins.  Gorkha Regent Bahadur Shah sent letter as excuse for the attack on Tibet to East India Company Governor General that Tibet broke the old treaty.  Gorkha Kingdom asked East India Company not to help Tibet. East India Company did not help any party.
          Gorkha Army attacked on and captured Kerung/ Foryang and Kuti territory of Tibet. After capturing the above, Gorkha attacked on Shikarjong but could not capture the Fort.
In Night, under the leadership of Kaji Damodar Pande, Kaji Dev Dutt Thapa, Captain Bamshah, Captain Nahar Singh, Sardar Prabal Rana and Taksari Nar Singh, Gorkha army attacked on Digarchi city. Gorkha army looted Math and Temples there with cruelty.
  The Lama of Dagrchi was Dharmpita of Chinese King. Chinese King sent his army chief Chun Chun to help Dagrchi. Chun Chun made treaty between Tibet and Gorkha. Tibet had to pay annual tribute for Rupees fifty thousands.
 After one year, Tibet refused to pay tribute. Due to fake Nepali currency /coins from Tibet, Nepal was facing cash crunch. Gorkha were in search of excuses for looting Tibet Temples or Math.  
                      Gorkha up to Kali River

 Regent Bahadur Shah married with daughter of Palpa King. After that with Palpa army, Gorkha army led by Damodar Pande, Abhiman Singh, Kaji Jagjit Pande, Prabal Rana, , Subba faujdar Singh attacked on Parvat Rajya  Kingdoms. Gorkha captured Parvat Rajya.
                 Gorkha Army along with Pampa Army captured Gulmi, Chandrakot, Khanchi, Arjunga, Adha, Baklung, Piuthan, Jumla, Accham, Doti   (K.L Pradhan, Thapa Politics in Nepal). Gorkha Army reached to Mahakali River the west of Gorkha Land.  

  
** Read more about Gorkha King Ran Bahadur in next chapter….
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com26/1/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -542
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
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History of Gorkha Rule in Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh;
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History of Gorkha Army Looting Tibet Temples and Gorkha capturing and Reaching Kali River; History of Gorkha Army Looting Tibet Temples and Gorkha capturing Accham and Reaching Kali River; History of Gorkha Army Looting Tibet Temples and Gorkha capturing Doti and Reaching Kali River;