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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, February 3, 2015

Administration of Gorkha King Ran Bahadur Shah and his Family Life

History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -29
  
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -548

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

       At the time of coronation, Ran Bahadur collected twelve lakh rupees in the form of gifts from his people and Tibet businessmen. For a year, he administrated Gorkha Kingdom with strength and high attention. In 1797, Nabab Vajir Asafuddaula declared his illegitimate son Vajir Ali as his heir just before his death. However, instead of Vajirali, East India Company coroneted his uncle Sadat Ali. Sadat Ali paid much more gifts to company. Vajir Ali killed regent of  Cheri and officers of the Company and ran away into Nepal Tarai. Ran Bahadur expelled Vajir Ali from his territory through his officers. Gorkha King Ran Bahadur Shah informed the incident to East India Company Governor General. Ran Bahadur requested not to give help to his enemies as Harsh Dev or Lal Singh etc.
         However, after some time, Ran Bahadur Shah became careless in Administration and started paying attention on wine, women and entertainment. He started ignoring abl e administrators as Bal Bahadur, Abhiyan Singh, Damodar Pande and Raj guru Gajraj Mishra.
                                 Family Life of Ran Bahadur Shah
          First wife Raj Rajeshwari Devi of Ran Bahadur was princes of Gulmi. She did not have any child. Ran Bahadur married again with Suvarn Prabha and had son Randyot. Ran Bahadur had illict relation with a Brahmin widow Kantimati Devi and he made Kantimati Devi as queen of Gorkha Kingdom. In 1797, Kantimati gave birth to a son. His name was Geevarnyudh Vikram. Ran Bahadur declared Randyot as his illegitimate son. He declared Geevarnyudh as his legitimate son.
  Bhardar or elites and many administrators were dissatisfied by act of Ran Bahadur for declaring Geevarnyudh Vikram as his legitimate son and ignoring Randyot. Ran Bahadur sent a letter in 1799 to East India Company Governor General that  he was to taking leave from Kingdom administration and he had coroneted his son Geevarnyudh Vikram as his heir.Ran Bahadur requested to offer same treatment to  Geervarnyudh Vikram as Company was offering him. Company assured him for cordial relation with Geervarnyudh Vikram.


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com3/2/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -549
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
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                    Reference
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B D pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Sharma , Nepal kin Aitihasik Rup Rekha
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History of Gorkha Rule in Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh;
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