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Thursday, February 12, 2015

Gorkha Administrative Officers in Kumaon from 1790-1803

History of Gorkha Administrative Officers in Kumaon from 1790-1803

History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -37
  
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -556

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

              Dr Dabral states that till date, there had been no serious study about Gorkha Rule in Kumaon. This author also vouch Dr Dabral as there is less knowledge available on Internet about Gorkha Rule and its Characteristics in Kumaon.  If at all it is available the most of historians offer writings of Dr Dabral. Vasudha Pande offers appreciable account about Doti and Gorkha in different perspectives.
In Kumaon too, as per rule the Gorkha soldiers (Jagriya) used to return after completing one year. Same way, army officers were also called back after a year.
  Atkinson offered the following administrative officers of Gorkha in Kumaon-
Subba – Governor or In Charge of Province
Nayab Subba – Deputy Governor
Senapati – Army Chief
Year --------------------------------Gorkha Officers in Kumaon from 1791-1803
1791-92--------------- - Governor – Jogamalla
1793 --------------------------  Governor – Kaji Narshah
--------------------------------------Deputy- Ram datt
--------------------------- Army chief- Kalu Pande
1794------------------ Governor – Ajabsingh Khavaas
 -------------------------- Deputy Governor –Shreshth Thapa
--------------------------- Army chief- Jasvant Bhandari
1795--------------- - Governor –Amar Singh Thapa
 -------------------------- Deputy Governor – Govind Padhya
--------------------------- Army chief- Bhakti Thapa
1796--------------- - Governor – Prabal Rana
 -------------------------- Deputy Governor – Jai Krishna Thapa
--------------------------- Army chief- Record not available (RNA)
1797-98--------------- - Governor –Bam Shah
 -------------------------- Deputy Governor –Rudra Veer Shah
--------------------------- Army chief- Amar Singh Thapa and Angad Sardar
1799---------------- - Governor – Ajab Singh
 -------------------------- Deputy Governor – Shreshth Thapa
--------------------------- Army chief- Vishram Khatri
1800-01--------------- - Governor –Kaji Dhaunkal Singh Vasnyat
 -------------------------- Deputy Governor – Major Ganpati Padhya
--------------------------- Army chief- RNA
1802---------------- - Governor – Rudraveer
 -------------------------- Deputy Governor –RNA
--------------------------- Army chief- RNA
1803--------------- - Governor – Kaji Gajkeshar Pande
 -------------------------- Deputy Governor –Subedar Krishna Nand Adhikari
--------------------------- Army chief- RNA

  Gorkha administrators established Chauki in different places (as today patti Ka Patwari) and there used to be soldiers. The soldiers used to get salaries from the Kumaon people under the Chauki. Therefore, soldiers used to apply oppressive methods for getting ‘Bali’ (Salary).
      Since, soldiers had to return Nepal after completion of a year; they used to loot the people when they were there and while returning to Nepal too.
Many cruel soldiers and officers had a notion that people become disciplined only by fear of oppressions.
Nepali Historians disagreed about the oppressive methods of Gorkha soldiers and officers.







Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com13/2/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -556
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886 , Gazetteer of  Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B D pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Sharma , Nepal kin Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press

XX
History of Gorkha Rule in Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh;History of Gorkha Rule in Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh;
History aspects Gorkha Administrative Officers in Doti Kumaon; History aspects Gorkha Administrative Officers in Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon;History aspects Gorkha Administrative Officers in Nainital Kumaon; History aspects Gorkha Administrative Officers in Almora Kumaon; History aspectsGorkha Administrative Officers in Bageshwar Kumaon; History aspectsGorkha Administrative Officers in Champawat Kumaon; History aspectsGorkha Administrative Officers in Pithoragarh Kumaon;