History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -21
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -540
By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)
After the death of Rajyaendra Lakshmi, Bahadur Shah became the Nayab (Care Taker) of Gorkha Kingdom. Bahadur Shah was brave, courageous and war lover as his father was. He paid attention on adding the arms and ammunitions and training his army with new innovative technique of war and battles for winning the rest of Nepal. Bahadur Shah experienced watching the dress , army organizations, discipline and new weapons of East India Company Army in Patna.
As East India won the weak Indian Kingdoms one by one, Bahadur Shah also decided for winning the smaller Kings one by one in Nepal Hills.
Bhadur Shah sent his minister Dina Nath Upadhyaya to Kolkata for purchasing 500 Guns. When Dina Nath Upadhyaya was coming back with 500 Guns, East India Company stopped Dina Nath Upadhyaya for taking guns out of Kolkata. East India Governor General informed Bahadur Shah that it was illegal to take guns out of East India Territories. Governor General gifted one gun for Bahadur Shah.
Bahadur Shah sent Dina Nath Upadhyaya to Kolkata again for calling the Gun manufacturing experts. Dina Nath Upadhyaya brought three European Gun manufacturing experts to Nepal. One of them was French expert. Bahadur Shah appointed French Gun expert for making Guns. Bahadur Shah used to pay Rs 500 per month to French Expert. When French Expert manufactured 200 Guns and Nepalis became expert in manufacturing Guns, Bahadur Shah stopped paying to French Expert.
Bahadur Shah built a few factories for manufacturing Guns. Though, Guns were of old model Guns, they were more fatal than Bows and Arrows.
Bahadur Shah also imported new types of Guns from Plains of India.
He provided red shirts to his soldiers. Bahadur Shah made Parade for soldiers as compulsory activity. Bahadur Shah organized his army as per East India Company Army. Bahadur Shah created Positions in army as Sardar, Faujdar, Subedar, Captain and Colonel. The Gorkha army was more devoted to their Kings as they supposed the Gorkha King the incarnation of Lord Gorakhnath. Each Gorkha soldiers was ready for sacrificing his life for the King.
** Read more about Gorkha King Ran Bahadur in next chapter….
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, firstname.lastname@example.org/1/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -541
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
History of Gorkha Rule in Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh;