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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, February 25, 2015

Gorkha Planning for Capturing Himachal Hills

History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -44
  
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -563

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)
       Maularam handing over Map of Kangda Fort to Amar Singh Thapa
        
   As soon as Ran Bahadur returned from Banaras  he ordered to his lieutenants to win over west of Kali Hills (Today’s Kumaon and Garhwal, Himachal). The soldiers were pleased by his objective oriented orders as they would get materials by looting the victims or won territories.
 Amar Singh Thapa was chief of campaign for capturing Garhwal, After winning Garhwal, Gorkha King sent order to Amar Singh Thapa for handing over Garhwal to his assistant Hastidal Chautariya and he should campaign for winning Himachal or Kangda Hills. He was asked to plan for winning Delhi. Thapa was advised to take those with him who support and kill those who resisted.
       There were small Thakurai or kingdoms in between Yamuna and Sutlej Rivers. It was not hard to win those pity kingdoms or Thakkurais.
West of Sutlej, there was Kangda Kingdom. The Kangda King Sansar Chand captured small Thakurai or pity kingdoms into Kangda.   Sansar Chand had stronger army as he had trained army with modern arms and ammunitions. Kangda King Sansarchand had strong Garh or forts too.
 Amar Singh Thapa asked Maularam for the secrets of winning Kangda and other western territories of Yamuna River. Maularam offered a map of Kangda King. Maularam also cautioned that the rulers should have amicable relationship with the subjects for last longing Kingdom.
 Amar Singh Thapa handed over the administration of Kumaon to his son Ranjor Thapa and grandson (from daughter) Veerbhadra Kunwar. Thapa handed over the administration of Garhwal to his daughter’s husband Chandraveer Kunwar and Governor Shurveer Khatri. Amar Singh left a small numbers of soldiers in Kumaon and Garhwal and too major numbers of army with him for capturing Himachal Hills.


*** History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued …. 44
                    
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com24/2/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -564
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886 , Gazetteer of  Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B D pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Sharma , Nepal kin Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press

XX
History of Gorkha Rule in Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh;History of Gorkha Rule in Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh;