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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, February 19, 2015

Fulsomeness, Flattering Words for Gorkha Ruler by Gumani Pant

History Review of Massacre of Kamin (Village Chiefs) by Gorkha Ruler in Kumaon

History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -40
  
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -559

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

              In Kumaon the Cruel, Suppressive, Repressive Gorkha Rule is named as ‘Gurkhyol’ and in Garhwal – Gurkhyani’.  
 Gorkha Kings provided ample power to their representative for collecting tax in Kumaon or later on in Garhwal and Himachal.
          When a tax payer was unable to pay tax in time, the Gorkha regents and representatives used to apply cruel methods for tax collection. Gorkha Representatives used to auction the land, animals, trees and even the human beings for collecting the tax.
   Once, Gorkha regent levied a new tax on Kumaon Subjects. The Kamin – or Village Chiefs, Regional Chiefs and villagers showed their inability in paying the new tax and indirectly denied paying new tax.
         The Kumaon Regent of Gorkha Kingdom invited 1500 Kamins in the capital that they would train for collecting tax. When the Kamins gathered Gorkha soldiers killed those Kamin. Many Kamin ran away from Kumaon to plains of Bareilly etc. Gorkha soldiers auctioned their family members to Rohilas.(Pande , Kumaon ka Itihas page-390-400)   
 There were family relations between Gorkhas of west Nepal and Doti with East Kumaunis. Therefore Gorkha applied lesser terrors on Kumaon than Garhwal and Himachal. Another reason for Gorkha being less cruel on Kumaunis was that the  Kumaoni elites as Jaoshis, Pant, Pande, Chaudharis and many past ruling families. However, Gorkhas were cruel in collecting tax.
            Fulsomeness, Flattering Words for Gorkha Ruler by Gumani Pant    

 Gumani Pant had been a unusual Poets of Indian History. He was expert of Sanskrit, Kumaoni, Nepali and Garhwali and created poems in all those four languages. He describes the cruelty of Gorkha rule but at the same time he used flattery words in praise of Gorkha Rule too. He mentioned about excessive tax by Gorkha Ruler but stated that no Kumaoni left land due to Gorkhas. This statement is totally wrong that Kumaoni did not leave their Land due to oppressive methods of Gorkhas.
 दिन -दिन  खजाना का भार बोकनाले
शिव शिव चुलिंमा बाल नैं कैका !
तदपि मुलुक तेरी छोड़ी नैं कोई भाजा ,
इति बदति गुमानी धन्य गोर्खाली राजा !

*** History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued …. 41

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com19/2/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -560
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX

                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886 , Gazetteer of  Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B D pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Sharma , Nepal kin Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press

XX
History of Gorkha Rule in Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh;History of Gorkha Rule in Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh; History of Gorkha Rule in Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh;
XXX
History Review of Massacre of Kamin (Village Chiefs) by Gorkha Ruler in Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Review of Massacre of Kamin (Village Chiefs) by Gorkha Ruler in Pithoragarh, Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  History Review of Massacre of Kamin (Village Chiefs) by Gorkha Ruler in Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  History Review of Massacre of Kamin (Village Chiefs) by Gorkha Ruler in Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Review of Massacre of Kamin (Village Chiefs) by Gorkha Ruler in Almora, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Review of Massacre of Kamin (Village Chiefs) by Gorkha Ruler in Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Review of Massacre of Kamin (Village Chiefs) by Gorkha Ruler in Udham Singh Nagar , Kumaon, Uttarakhand