Notes on folk dramas; Asian folk dramas; South Asian folk dramas; SAARC countries folk dramas; Indian subcontinent folk dramas; Indian folk dramas; North Indian folk dramas; Himalayan folk dramas; Mid Himalayan folk dramas; Uttarakhandi folk dramas; Kumauni folk dramas; Garhwali folk dramas
Folk theatre has been there with human beings from the origin of civilization. There are tens of folk drama styles in India as Jagar, Jatra, Pando naach, Ghadela, Badi-Badan swang in Garhwal and Kumaun; Lilas folk dramas, Daskathiya folk dramas, Geetabhinaya folk dramas, Pani folk dramas, Mughal tamasha folk dramas, Prahlad folk drama,Dandanatya folk dramas, Ravanchhaya folk dramas, Desinata folk dramas, Palas folk dramas, Suanga and Chhau folk dramas of Orisa; swang is popular folk drama style of Rajasthan and Haryana ; Bhavai is popular folk drama style of Gujarat; Sukhari or manuati are folk drama style of Himachal Pradesh, Nautanki is popular folk drama style of Uttar Pradesh and other states of India; are a couple of examples of folk dramas in India. Yanga is popular folk drama style of China; Taziyeh is popular folk drama style of Iran; Karagoj is folk drama style of Turkey; Apidan is a folk drama form of Nigeria; Mummers play is a folk drama style in England; Yike is popular folk drama form of Cambodia; Manora is religious folk drama of Malaysia; Randai is a style of folk drama of Indonesia; Haohe a mask folk dance drama is popular in Korea; Reisados, Chegancas, Pastoris and ranchos are popular forms of folk dramas in Brazil; Yike, Tuong, Cheo are folk drama forms popular in Vietnam.
There is urgent need for staging folk dramas for modern viewers and it is proved that blending folk dramas with modern subject attract the modern audience specially youth more than modern way of dramas.
There is a custom in Chamoli Garhwal and Rudraprayag Garhwal about playing folk drama through mask at the time of religious ceremony. Dr. D. R. Purohit informs that the Mask-Folk Drama is played at the time of religious tour (Dev-jatra) and Bhan (a professional class of Upper Garhwal and Pithoragah) narrates or directs the Mask-Folk drama. ‘Budhdeva’ is one of such Mask-Folk dramas of Chamoli, Pithoragarh and Rudraprayag districts of Uttarakhand. ‘Budhdeva’ means Narad a well known character /sage of Sanatan or Hindi mythology famous for his knowledge, devotion and information- communication system. Beside Budhdeva or Narad, there are other characters in Mask-Folk drama ‘Budhdeva’ those perform the Mask-Folk drama by putting masks. The subject of mask-Folk Drama ‘Budhdeva’ changes as per the time, place and class of audience. The Mask-Folk drama ‘Budhdeva’ exposes the wrong happenings in contemporary scene in that particular region where the Mask-Folk drama is being played.
Dr.D. R. Purohit of H.N. B. Garhwal University did research on the custom of Mask-Folk dramas of Chamoli, Pithoragarh and Rudraprayag districts of Uttarakhand. Dr. Purohit conceived and wrote this customary Mask-Folk drama for modern audience and the mask-Folk drama ‘Budhdeva’ attacks on unwanted incidents happening in the society. The Mask-Folk drama ‘Budhdeva’ is in folk poetic form and dance style. Vidyadhar Shrikala Shringar staged the Mask-Folk Drama ‘Budhdeva’ thrice so far including staging at Rashtriy Naty Vidyalaya Delhi(NSD). Suresh Kala was director of first show of Mask-Folk drama ‘Budhdeva’. Pankaj Naithani directed the mask-folk drama ‘Budhdeva’ at the time of Veer Singh Thakur Smriti Uttarakhand Lok Natya Mahotsav, Dehradun in 2007.
The mask-folk drama ‘Budhdeva’ is very good medium for making awareness about contemporary subject.
International drama critics appreciated the hard work of Dr. Purohit for bringing out the hidden treasury of Upper Garhwal and Pithoragarh. As Habeeb Tanveer (Chhatees garh folk dramas), Vijay tendulkar (Marathi folk drama), Girish Karnad ( kannada folk dramas) blended the folk dramas for creating modern dramas Dr. D. R. Purohit blended folk drama style for creating modern Garhwali dramas.
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti 15/5/2012