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Thursday, October 31, 2013

Anxiety Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama

गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  चिंता  भाव

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -29

                                        Bhishma Kukreti

           According to Bharat’s Natyashastra, anxiety in drama is demonstrated on the stage by deep breathing or sighing, lamentation, deep thinking, keeping the face down, disturbed thinking and weakness of body.
           I remember a Ramleela scene in Mitragram, Malla Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal (Uttarakhand) aound October 1963-64.  When Father of Rama listened dialogue of Kaikeyi that Dashrath has to send Rama for Jungle for fourteen years and Bharat should be made King of Ayodhya. Dashrath character performer fell on the ground; he breathed deeply and showed anxiety very well.  
   
    There are various religious ritual folklore those are sung in Jagar or Pando dance and song where many events are there where anxiety is described and performers (pashwa who acts as the character of deity etc)  display anxiety.
 The following folklore is about Abhimanyu Jagar where anxiety of Yudhister is described.

               गढ़वाली लोक नाट्य गीतों में चिंता भाव

अभिमन्यु बाजा नाट्य नृत्य-गीत

तुम रौंदा होला राजा जयंती दिगपाल  
तुम होला राजा छत्रसाल भौर
कपटी कौरवों  राजा कुचालू रचेली
जौन रचे राजा सात द्वारों की लड़ाई
जयंती राज भंज राजा सणि पत्री देंदा
जती रंदा पांडो तुम जीती राज मान
तुम आवा पंडो अब सात द्वारों की लड़ाई
जयंती मा ह्व़े ग्याई झोंळी झंकार
सीली  ओबरी राजा झिली ह्वेगे खाट
राजा अर्जुन जायुं  दक्खन का देस
साथ  वैका किरसण सारथी

स्रोत्र डापुरुषोतम डोभाल
सन्दर्भ डाशिवा नन्द नौटियाल
 Translation of above religious  folk drama-song –dance (Jagar)  -
Kauravas invite Yudhister at Jainto bar.
Kaurvas keep the condition of winning Chakravyuha
According to war rule, Yudhister had to follow the rule and had to accept the challenge
Beside Arjun, nobody was expert of breaking Chakravyuha strategy
Arjun had gone for another war far away from Jaintobar.
Yudhister became sad, worried, and anxious
 There is following another example of showing anxiety is sentiment n folk drama.
    The Shrinagar Garhwal folk drama team led by Dr. R. Bhatt directed ‘Chakravyuha’ a folk drama of North Garhwal. Yudhister was worried because Kauravas invited Yudhister for battle and Kauravas led by Dronacharya trapped Pandavas for Chakravyuha (a strategy). Only Arjun was able to break the strategy. Arjun had gone for another battle far away from Chakravyuha field. Here in folk drama directed by Dr. Bhatt, the performer of Yudhister showed anxiety very well. 
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukretibckukreti@gmail.com  31/10/2013


              Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals and Traditional Plays part to be continued… 

                    References
1-Bharat Natyam
2-Steve Tillis, 1999, Rethinking Folk Drama
3-Roger Abrahams, 1972, Folk Dramas in Folklore and Folk life 
4-Tekla Domotor , Folk drama as defined in Folklore and Theatrical Research
5-Kathyrn Hansen, 1991, Grounds for Play: The Nautanki Theater of North India
6-Devi Lal Samar, Lokdharmi Pradarshankari Kalayen 
7-Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 1-12
8-Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Loknritya geet
9-Jeremy Montagu, 2007, Origins and Development of Musical Instruments
10-Gayle Kassing, 2007, History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach
11- Bhishma Kukreti, 2013, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhya Tatva va Charitra, Shailvani, Kotdwara
12- Bhishma Kukreti, 2007, Garhwali lok swangun ma rasa ar Bhav , Chithipatri
Xx
Anxiety Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays; Anxiety Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Chamoli Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Anxiety Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Rudraprayag Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Anxiety Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Pauri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Anxiety Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Tehri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Anxiety Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Uttarkashi Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Anxiety Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Dehradun Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Anxiety Sentiment in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Haridwar Garhwal, North India, South Asia;

गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  चिंता भावटिहरी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में   चिंता  भाव;उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में चिंता   भाव;हरिद्वार गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में चिंता    भाव;देहरादूनगढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  चिंता   भाव;पौड़ी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  चिंता   भाव;चमोली गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में चिंता    भावरुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  चिंता   भाव;