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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Friday, July 28, 2017

Witness and Corruption in Judiciary

British Administration in Garhwal   -142
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History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -162
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            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -996
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
             Trail made compulsory for calling witness for  every case. It was difficult for calling witness in every case. Thieves or looters did not carry crimes before public. Court started asking eye witnesses for such cases too. When a person caught a thief while carrying the theft and put case before the  court and if there was no witness the courts used to free such thieves. Court believed on witness. If the victim did not get witness they could not put cases before court. The money landers did not get their money back because of lacking for witness at the time of loan. Debtors started taking advantages and started no payment to money lenders.
  The flowed system invited false / liar witness and the honest system became corrupt system. False witnessing system invited officer taking bribes.
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References  
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 313 -333
 2- Atkinson, Himalayan Districts, Vol 2 pages 507-555, 689-695

Xx

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India,bjkukreti@gmail.com /26/7/2017
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -997
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*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
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(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement , History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Forest settlement ,  History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Patwari , Civil Police History of British Rule, Forest settlement,  Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;