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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Importance of Patwari-2

 British Administration in Garhwal   -131
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History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -151
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            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -985
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

       There was increase in numbers of Patwari by double in 1869 in Becket settlement. There 10% increase taxes for paying salaries of postal department, schoolings and Patwaris.Patwari system was rural policing and revenue collection system and remained untouched till British rule. From British officials views, Patwaris were the most  profitable among all government servants.
   It was easy for Patwaris for knowing the crime. Garhwalis were more interested in complaining their neighbors (Atkinson). Leaving their important jobs, Garhwalis first preferred for traducing against neighbors to officials. Many Garhwalis were as good as unpaid British spies.
  Ramsay commented on Patwari administration in Kumaon-Garhwal, “ In my opinion, the Patwari system in Kumaon-Garhwal is proving more simple than other parts of  India. To change that system is nothing but foolish act. The biggest benefit is that it is free or cheapest administration system barring police administration in Bhabhar. Therefore, this system of rural policing throu Patwari should be retained.”
   In 1880,Atkinson also suggested that no crime reports did not mean policing in rural region is useless. He advocated for Patwari system and did not suggest formal police administration in Kumaon and Garhwal.


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References  
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 313 -333
 2- Atkinson , Himalayan Districts , Vol 2 pages 507-520

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Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India,4bjkukreti@gmail.com 5/7/2017
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -986
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*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
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(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement , History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Forest settlement ,  History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement ,
History of British Rule, Forest settlement,  Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;   Forest settlement ,