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Friday, July 28, 2017

Judiciary in British Garhwal

 British Administration in Garhwal   -138
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -158

            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -992
                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

    Trail was in charge of Judiciary and administration for Garhwal –Kumaon from the initial period. British administration set up a special commission under regulation act 10, in 1817 for taking judicial decision for criminals jailed by Gorkha administration and criminals were kept in various prisons of Garhwal, Shrinagar, Dehradun, Jaunsar, Himachal Pradsh and Kumaon. Gorkha made many people captive for serving Gorkha officials in various camps. Judicial Commissioner settled all the cases satisfactory.  
  R. T.  Glen was the special commissioner fo Regulation act 10. Glen sent an interesting report about judiciary in Garhwal and Kumaon. Government kept Kumaon and Garhwal aloof from judiciary system of plains of India. After receiving report from Glen, government was surer that there should be separate judicial system for Uttarakhand.
     In 1821, Glen sent a detailed report for regulations in Garhwal and Kumaon and sated that he did not know various laws implemented in plains of India as neither government sent any report of laws to him nor he got chance for reading judiciary laws for plains of India. For those years, Trail was not only administrator but was whole sole in charge of judiciary in Garhwal and Kumaon.  He had free hands in all fields of administration in Garhwal and Kumaon as the region was kept free from Indian regulations.
  Commissioners after Trail,  were supposed to follow old provision by his predecessor and amend laws as per need or wish. There was no interference from East India HQ on Kumaon commissioners. Citizens called Commissioner as Vazir.

1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 313 -333
 2- Atkinson, Himalayan Districts, Vol 2 pages 507-52


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India,bjkukreti@gmail.com /14/7/2017
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -993
*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement , History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Forest settlement ,  History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Patwari , Civil Police History of British Rule, Forest settlement,  Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;