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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Forest Treasure of British Garhwal


                   British Administration in Garhwal   -122
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History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -139
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            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -976
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

              The most prominent forest products were bamboos. Bamboos were contributing 50% forest revenues of Ganga division .  Bamboo forest of Gohari range was spread in large area. Gohari forest range was easily approachable. Therefore, there was sizable demand for Bamboo from Gohari range. Woods were flown through Ganga easily at cheap cost. There was demand for Sal, Shisam trees but those forests were already destroyed. Government constructed roads inside Ganga Division forests too.
   Road going through Ganga –Kotalidun –Saneh to Nazibabad and railway transport from Kotdwara were suitable transport medium. Delhi and Meerut traders were major wood buyers. The main depos for Garhwal forest produces were in Haridwar and Saneh. Nazibabad was also trading centre for Garhwal forest wood and Rurki was major consuming center for wood using in government factories.
       Government relaxed rules in Garhwal for villagers using forests. Garhwalis used to graze heir cattles in reserved forests and could take dry wood , branches felled on the ground. Villagers also used trees for their agriculture appliances making.

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References  
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 287-312
 2- Walton Garhwal Gazetteer pages 11-15


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Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 26/6/2017
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -977
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*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
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(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement , History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Forest settlement ,  History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement ,
History of British Rule, Forest settlement ,  Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;   Forest settlement ,