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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Internal security and Law and Order in British Garhwal

British Administration in Garhwal   -129
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History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -149
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            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -983
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

 British captured Kumaon and Garhwal in 1815. Government allowed Commissioner Gardner for appointing Company’s civil servants. Gardner and his assistant Trail carried out the job. Initially, army at Shrinagar and Almora looked after aw an order. Commander Bulldock’s army suppressed people in Shrinagar.
      As per Regulation of 1817, Kumaon commissioner was allowed for taking decision about law and order barring murder, dacoit, treason. It was decided that a additional officer would be appointed for looking after serious crimes as cited above. However, the government did not appoint any additional officer for looking after serious crimes as there were least such crimes in Uttarakhand.
            Padhan or Village Chief
  There was no need for policing barring south Garhwal and south Kumaon (Bhabhar). Population was scattered in villages. Srinagar and Almora were only two small towns. Village population was busy in agriculture a peaceful job.  Government handed over the law and order job to Padhan, Thokdar. Those semi government officers (Padhan, Sayana, kamin, Thokdar etc) misused their powers and government had to take back their power for keeping law and orders. However, the situation in villages reamin same that is Padhan was the in charge of law and order.

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References  
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 313 -333
 2- Atkinson , Himalayan Districts , Vol 2 pages 685

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Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India,4bjkukreti@gmail.com 3/7/2017
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -983
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*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
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(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement , History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Forest settlement ,  History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement ,
History of British Rule, Forest settlement,  Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;   Forest settlement ,