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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Three Types of Forest of District Forests in British Garhwal

 British Administration in Garhwal   -125
       -
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -145
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            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -979
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)


     Officials classified district forests into three classes-
  A type Forest – Villagers destructed those forests and did not have chance for deployment.
B Type Forests- Those forests were spread over huge area and there was no need for protection.
Closed type Forests- There was chance for growing such forests by care and protection.
   By 1906, Officials complete the identification of above forest types of district forests.
 Barring ‘Close Forests,  forests of nearby village boundaries, were called open forests. District officials handed over the forest management for open forests to Gram Pradhan and Patwaris.  Rangers, foresters, forest guards looked after only close forests.
 Forest guards were to tour around their respective beats and foresters were to supervise guards. Foresters  used to inquires other forest aspects too.
  Geographically, officials divided district forests into three ranges-
Northern or upper range
Central range
Southern range  
 Forest expert deputy rangers were looking after those ranges.
 A deputy conservator was taken on deputation from forest department for supervising all those rangers and other employees. Deputy conservator was reporting to district magistrate.
   The fundamental objectives for district forests were as –
 1-Conservation of present forests and planting new plants that there are wood availability.
2- Stopping land sliding by forestation or soil conservation by forest conservation
3-Protecting grazing land that farmers don’t take forest land for agriculture
4-Vegetation Protection of nearby river origins of non-snow zones
5- Scientific exploitation of north zone forests and arranging necessary funds for forest development in those ranges
  
XX   
References  
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 287-312
 2- Walton Garhwal Gazetteer pages 17-21

Xx

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 29/6/2017
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -980
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*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
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(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement , History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Forest settlement ,  History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement ,
History of British Rule, Forest settlement ,  Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;   Forest settlement ,