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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Territorial Ranges of District Forests in British Garhwal

British Administration in Garhwal   -126
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History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -146
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            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -980
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

                           South District Forest Range
  There were dense forests in south Garhwal in Shivalik range around first world war. The soil was fertile and population was scanty. Therefore, people did not destroy forests as in other parts of Garhwal. Deputy Commissioner was of opinion that even providing permission for agriculture to villager in nearby forests there would not harm. There was destruction in some part of Udaypur Patti and was need for new plantation.
                     Central District Forest Range
     Barasyun, Chaundkot Pattis in North of Salan (South Garhwal), the population was dense and there was shortage of grazing area, shortage of furniture wood and was need for more agriculture land.  There were no dense forests or forests were of shrubs. Officials decided for controlling people encroaching forest land for agriculture land. The control was necessary for developing forests.
  In the area, there were shrubs at Nayar Valley and villagers used to get wood for fuels and furniture too.  Villagers used to dig forest land and make land for agriculture (Katal means dug by Kuti). Villagers used to cut wood before digging land for making Katal and Katals were source of soil erosions too. Even in Dhangu of South Garhwal, Katal custom was more before world war first. Government banned for digging Katal.
 The challenge before officials was to develop new plantation in central range. Officials arranged sowing oak seeds, pine seeds, devdaru seeds. There was success for plantation and growth in forestation.  



XX   
References  
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 287-312
 2- Walton Garhwal Gazetteer pages 17-21

Xx

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 30/6/2017
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -981
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*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
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(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement , History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Forest settlement ,  History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement ,
History of British Rule, Forest settlement ,  Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;   Forest settlement ,