British Administration in Garhwal -139
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -159
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -993
British Government appointed Trail as the commissioner of Kumaon and other officials on 1st august 1817. East India authorized Trail for taking decisions for all crimes barring murder, conspiracy murder by family members, dacoities, insurgencies types of serious crimes under Regulation 10. Governer general was supposed for appointing additional commissioner for serious crimes in Garhwal and Kumaon. However, there were negligible serious crimes in Uttarakhand and the Company did not appoint the judicial commissioner.
In 1828, British authorities ordered for Bareli judicial commissioner for taking cases of serious cases of Kumaon region too. Kumaon commissioner had to inform bareli court for serious criminal cases.
There was Nizamat Adalat in Allahabad. In 1931, authorities authorized the Nizamat Adalat taking final judicial decision for Kumaon commissioner. From 1831, officers from plains started paying attention on Kumaon Commissionairy. Under regulation 10, Allahabad Board of revinue was authorized for taking final judicial decision on land cases of Kumaon. Till 1831, Trail tok decisions on such cases as per his whims.
Slavery was banned in 1836. Government stopped taking tax on slave sales, slave buying, sales of wife by husband, and sales of widows sold by relatives. From 1836, courts stopped taking cases pertaining women sales, slave sales and exchange of slaves and women.
Atkinson wrote that from 1836, slave selling and women sales was totally stopped was not correct. By other means or by other name as ‘ladva’, the sales of women and widow continued.
In 1837, Allahabad Nizamat adalat ordered small courts of Kumaon not to hand over ran away wife to her husband without her wishes. Allahabd court ordered to small courts for punishing citizens indulged in slave selling and buying as per Regulation 3rd of 1832.
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 313 -333
2- Atkinson, Himalayan Districts, Vol 2 pages 507-52, 685-690
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History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -994
*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system, over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement , History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Patwari , Civil Police History of British Rule, Forest settlement, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;