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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, May 18, 2015

Maukar, Ghar Picchhi or Family Tax in Garhwal, Kumaon in Gurkha/ Gorkha Rule

 History: Economical Administration of Garhwal, Kumaon in Gurkha Rule -4
History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Garhwal - 53
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -116    
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -637
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

              In Kumaon Gurkha administration used to take another tax as Ghar Picchhi or tax on back of house (Pande). This tax was called in Garhwal as Maukar. Mau means one family. That means Ghar Picchhi or Maukar tax was levied on each family. The tax was not collected every year but was collected on exigency and as per need of the region.
   As far as the records available of Dhangu Kameen (Thokdar Awtar Singh private collection), there is no mention of Maukar. Since most of records are destroyed there might be that Maukar was also collected in Dhangu Region (Gangasalan) in any year. There is a tax named as ‘Pagari’ that was collected in Dhangu in 1805 and 1806 as Rs 100 and Rs 3 respectively.  Was ‘Pagari’ as Maukar? Nobody knows.  We don’t have records that offer reasons for the  difference in Pagari tax in 1805 and 1806.


** Most of references and details were taken from Dr Dabral

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com16/5//2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -638
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter 

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX
                    Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886 , Gazetteer of  Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Sharma , Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti

XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal; 
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal,
Xx
History: State Income Muakar or Gharpichhhi Kar from different Taxes in Garhwal, Kumaon in Gurkha Rule; History: State Income f Muakar or Gharpichhhi Kar rom different Taxes in Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon in Gurkha Rule; History: State Income Muakar or Gharpichhhi Kar from different Taxes in Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon in Gurkha Rule; History: State Income from different Taxes in Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon in Gurkha Rule; History: State Income Muakar or Gharpichhhi Kar from different Taxes in Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon in Gurkha Rule; History: State Income Muakar or Gharpichhhi Kar from different Taxes in Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon in Gurkha Rule;  History: State Income Muakar or Gharpichhhi Kar from different Taxes in Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon in Gurkha Rule;