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Thursday, October 20, 2016

Land Sales Rights Ibbetson Settlement in Garhwal

Characteristics of Ibbetson Settlement in Garhwal -14

                            British Administration in Garhwal   -70      
       -
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -88
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -925
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
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 Traill offered rights for land sales to Hissedar (owner/proprietors) (Atkinson). The right for land sales was not in Garhwal Kingdom or Gorkha regime. Dabral mentions that in Narendra Shah Rule in Tehri Kingdom, there was no right for land sales to owners (Asami).
 There were no rights for Khaykar for land sales in British rule too. However, Khaykar could pledge their land. By pledging system, Khaykar could sell the land (Stowell, page 3).
  Khaykar means the cultivators of the land for generation. The owners of such land were Hissedar. Khaykar used to offer tax (grains etc) to Hissedar. Till Khaykar was offering tax, Hissedar did not interfere on the right of land. In case, a Khaykar became unable for paying tax to Hissedar, Hissedar had right for dismissing Khaykar from the land.


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 17/10/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -926
*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX   
References  
 1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 234-247
2-Ibbetson, A.W., Revenue Settlement of Garhwal District, pages 1 to 11
3-Pauw, Garhwal settlement report, page 37
4-Stowell, V.A., Manual of Land Tenures in Kumaon division page 3, 31
5- Atkinson, Himalayan Districts, Vol.3, 490
Xx

History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;