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Monday, October 10, 2016

Farm land and measurement in Pau Settlement in Garhwal

Characteristics of Pau Settlement in Garhwal -3  


                            British Administration in Garhwal   -49       
       -
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -66
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -903
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
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     Every ‘mend’ or dividing line of farm land was given a separate numbers in ‘Swatantra Bhuvyvstha’ (Dabral).   
 However in Pau settlement and Pau and Ibbotson settlement, the agriculture land was included that had was in a place, had owner and was in a village ‘Tok’.  All farms were measured and map was drawn for all farms in each place. The dividing lines (‘mend’) were shown in map by dots. Each farm (khet) was given a number. Mend (dividing line) were not given numbers. If the barren land between two farms or inside farm was more than 5’ and 2.5”, the barren land was measured and shown in map. If the barren land was within farm, the barren land was shown by dots and barren land between two different farms the barren land was shown by line.
       In Garhwal Bhabhar, the unit of land measurement on map was 16 “for a mile. In hills, the unit for map was 32” for a mile and in some cases it was 64 inch = one mile.
     In Pau settlement, the unit for a Patti was 4 inch for a mile. The agricultural land of each village was shown in map of a Patti. It became easy for comparing agriculture land of all villages (Pau).
   If there was measurement be cadastral measurement, the map also showed the river and barren land between villages.  Pau stated that it was not full proof.

                  Khanapuri or Recording

     Recording on Khasra was conducted along with measurement and was called ‘Khanapuri’ Amins from hills were there in measuring and mapping and recording. However, in many cases, Amins from plans were also employed. Following information were recorded in Khasra of each farm (Rakba or seeds sown in the farm)-

1-Names of owners, Khaykar or Sirtan
2-‘Tok’ Name
3-Serial number of Beckett settlement
4- Sown crops and area of crops in farm
5-Details of irrigated, non irrigated, , abbal, doyam, kateel or ijral land
6- Tax (lagan)
7- Trees on a land


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Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 20/9/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -903
*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX   
References  
 1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page-204, 205  
2- Pau, Garhwal Settlement report page 76

Xx

History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;