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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, October 10, 2016

Beckett Settlement was not as Raiyatvari Bhuvyavstha

Characteristics of Beckett Settlement in Garhwal -11

                            British Administration in Garhwal   -45       
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History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -62
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -899
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
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 Beckett remarked that his land settlement was ‘‘Raiyatvari Bhuvyavstha’. Ramsay and Atkinson supported Beckett (Atkinson). However, Dr. Dabral stated that the statement was not totally correct.   Government issued rules for land settlement as ‘Saharanpur Rules’ in 1855. According to ‘Saharanpur Rules’ the settlement was valid for end of the nineteenth century.  There were three main differences between North West Provinces (NWP) (Saharanpur Rules) land
Settlement and Bombay presidency land settlement (this was really the ‘Raiyatvari settlement) –
1-In NWP, the tax was determined for whole village. The tax was distributed among owners and Khaykars in a village. In ‘Raiyatvari settlement of Bombay presidency; the tax was determined on each farm land.
2-In NWP, the tax payment was collective responsibilities for all villagers paying through Malgujar. In Bombay Presidency, each farmer was responsible for paying his tax.
3- In NWP, the tax payment was collective responsibility of villagers and they could show their concern or could oppose government collectively. However, in Bombay Presidency, the individual farmer was responsible for tax payment. The individual could not dare for opposing government order.

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Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 13/9/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -900
*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX   
References  
 1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page-201, 202
2- Atkinson, Himalayan districts vol.3, 318
3- Beckett Garhwal Settlement, page 11
4-Bhanu Dharma, History and Administration of North West Provinces page 204-5

Xx

History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;