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Monday, October 10, 2016

Fee Simple Jagir in Pau Settlement in Garhwal

Characteristics of Pau Settlement in Garhwal -10

                            British Administration in Garhwal   -55       
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -73
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -910
                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
         British Government offered to Europeans the estates for developing tea gardens at nominal tax.  Those estates were called ‘Free Simple Estate’ or ‘Wasteland Grants’. Pau put light on such Fee Simple Estates. (Dabral, pp, 212)
              Europeans got huge land for tea estates at nominal cash just before Beckett settlement and after too. Beckett reported a list of Tea Estates (Fee Simple) details. Fee Simple estates were mostly in mainly in Chandpur Pargana.  There were Tea estates near  Gwaldam of Badhan, Mandakhal and Gadoli regions.
       In 1867, Government offered land for tea gardening in Agwara village of Kandarsyun. There was tax on that tea estate under wasteland grant law. The owner could not pay the tax. Government cancelled the Fee Simple Estate position of that owner (Pau page, 38-39)

  In 1895, there were following area for Fee Simple Estate for Tea Gardening in Garhwal-
Grant ------------------------ Grant in Acres------Garden (acres)
A-Pindar, Vadhan Patti
1-Gwaldam---------------------- 594---------------------150
2-Talwari Malli-------------------290---------------------65
3- Kauria----------------------------720------------------ Barren
4-Sirtoli------------------------------1288----------------- Barren
5-Beenatoli------------------------- 517------------------Barren
B- Nadalsyun, Barasyun
6-Gadoli , Marwar, Pokhari
Chalugaon--------------------------- 929-----------------5
7-Chopra Mission -------------------14-----------------0
8-Rawatganv , Duela----------------57----------------0
C-Chorakot, Chandpur
9- Bharmar----------------------------504 ------------ Barren
D-Lobha, Chandpur
Chinkulari, Ghandiyal, Manjresari
Melbagar, Paramghat ----------------- 265---------------78
15-16 -Simana, Manda------------------70----------------0
17- Sitauli--------------------------------175---------------Barren
18-Matkhotakhal------------------------- 98------------- Barren
E-Sili and Chandpur
19- Benital--------------------------------1539------------- 40
F- Gurdaursyun, Devalgarh
20- Mandakhal ---------------------------98------------------Barren

Total--------------------------------------- 7310---------------481
 There was acute shortage of workers for tea estates and the wages in Garhwal was higher than feasibility for commercially growing tea.
 Therefore, tea gardening never grew in Garhwal and slowly tea gardening ended.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 29/9/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -911
*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
 1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page-212, 213
2- Pau, Garhwal Settlement report, page 38, 39,42 , 87 
3- Mahidhar Sharma, Garhwal me kaun kahan page 152
4- Beckett, Garhwal Settlement report page 117)

History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand