उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका की गतिविधियाँ ई-मेल पर

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, May 4, 2016

Lord Ripen: The First Authentic Modern Garhwali Poetry

 Critical History of Garhwali Poetry –Part 2

                  Garhwali Poetry from 1750-1846
                
                                        Bhishma Kukreti

                  Initial Developing Phase of Modern Garhwali Poetry (-1900)


               The Garhwali Poetry critics divided modern Garhwali poetry development into stages. The first stage is called Pratham uttahn as –to 1925.
          Harshpuri Gusain, Lila Datt Kotnala and Hari Krishn Dorgaditi Rudola are said to be first three modern Garhwali poets those initiated modern Garhwali poetries.
     The poetry manuscript by Harsh Gusain (1820-1905) was started by him on 48 (as written on his manuscript 48). 48 means Sanvat 49Jeth and that means he wrote poetries from 1892.
  Lila datt Kotnala was contemporary of Hindi literature creative Harish Chandra. Kotnala’s Hindi poetries used to be published in ‘Kavi vachan Sudha’ edited by Harish Chandra.
         Lila Datt Kotnala wrote poem ‘Lord Ripen’ paying respect to Viceroy Lord Ripen as Bhartendu Harishchandra wrote poem Ripnashtak’ supporting the reform policies of Lord Ripon. Lord Ripon was Indian viceroy from 1881-1884. That means the Garhwali poem ‘Lord Ripen’ was written before 1884. The logical analysis sate that ‘Lord Ripen’ is first authentic Modern Garhwali poetry.  


                            लार्ड रिपन
कवि -लीला दत्त कोटनाला (श्रीनगर ,1846 -1926 )
भारत का टोल साब भारत का टोल हे लाट रिपन साब तेरो रैग्यो बोल
भारत बधाई साब भारत बधाई
जब बटि आई साब घरु घरु गाई
काबुल लड़ाई साब काबुल लड़ाई
तेरा हाथ जस आई झट वा उड़ाई
जनि जनि बांधि तुमन भलि भलि जथा
तनि तुमरि गाई जांद जख तख कथा
भारत निवासी माँज स्वशासन चर्चा
पूरी जब कैल्या साब ! तब होली चर्चा

                  Lila Datt Kotnala wrote (1846-1926) Virah, holi and Usha Anirudh Vivah Garhwali poems. His Garhwali poetry collection book ‘Garhwali Chandmala’ in 1918 AD.

References-
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, 1981, Shailvani, Himalya Kala Sangam, Jankapuri, Delhi, pages 10-13
Dr. Jagdamba Prasad Kotnala, 2011, Garhwali Kavya ka Udbhava : Vikash evam Vaishisthya, page-65
Bhishma Kukreti, 2013, Garhwali Kavita Puran, Angwal, Samay Sakshya
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti 1/9/2013
Notes on the First Authentic Modern Garhwali Poetry; First Authentic Modern Garhwali Poetry from Garhwal; First Authentic Modern Garhwali Poetry from Uttarakhand; First Authentic Modern Garhwali Poetry from Central Himalaya; First Authentic Modern Garhwali Poetry from Himalaya; First Authentic Modern Garhwali Poetry from North India; First Authentic Modern Garhwali Poetry from Indian Subcontinent;  First Authentic Modern Garhwali Poetry from SAARC countries; First Authentic Modern Garhwali Poetry from South Asia; First Authentic Modern Garhwali Poetry from Asia; First Authentic Modern Garhwali Poetry from oriental region;