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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, May 23, 2016

Kumaon Treaty between British and Nepalese Resident Bamshah

Second British Attack on Almora -18
           
                 History British Campaign for Capturing Kumaon -62
                                                                                                                                 
          Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -278
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -807          
                                                           
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

               At the end of March 1815, when British army led by Lieutenant Colonel Gardner was waiting for Regular Army arrival at Katarmal Camp, Edward Gardner requested Bamshah that if Nepalese army was ready to end war without fight and was ready for handing over Almora to British, British army would permit Nepalese army for crossing Kali River for heading to Nepal. However, Bamshah was not ready for the treaty at that moment. Then, on 26th April 1815, Bamshah was ready for the treaty on the same conditions. Edward Gardner was not interested for posing hard conditions. Therefore Edward Gardner sent Lieutenant Colonel Gardner for discussing Treaty Conditions with Bamshah.
  Bamshah put condition that let that Nepalese army be permitted to march to Himachal that was sent from Kathmandu for helping Amar Singh Thapa. Nicholas refused for agreeing the condition. On 27th April 1815, Bamshah agreed for releasing Hearsay. On that same day, Bamshah signed on the Kumaon Treaty with his three army deputies. The treaty was as –
On Thursay, 4 Baishakh, Sanvat 1872, the Treaty letter was signed between Chautra Bamshah, Kaji Chamu Shah , Caiptain ANgad Sardar and Jasmadan Thapa with lieutenant Colonel Gardner who was representing Nicholas and Sir Edward Gardner the representative of Governor General, The agreement is as-
1-The Gurkha soldiers and commanders would vacate Almora Forts and all Garhis (Fort) of Kumaon region.

2- The soldiers of this fort and other forts would be allowed for taking their properties as- weapons, guns, gun powders etc and personal properties for crossing Kali River.
3- Gurkha Soldiers could cross any suitable and convenient ways for crossing Kali River. British Army would arrange for food for Gurkha soldiers and loading the goods of Gurkha soldiers for reaching the decided destinations.
4- Today, Gurkha army would hand over Lalmandi Fort to British Army.
  On that day, British army entered into Lalmandi Fort with loud Gun Firings. Bamshah released Hearsay.  Bmashah ordered Gurkha army men for vacating all Garhis (Forts or fortes) of Kumaon. On 25th April 1815,


 (From writings of B D Pande, Atkinson, Preamble, Sanwal, Saxsena, Fraser, Letter of Bamshah  for Amar Singh Thapa etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 23/5/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -808
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal