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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Sunday, May 22, 2016

British Capturing King Palace of Almora and the End of War

Second British Attack on Almora -17
           
                 History British Campaign for Capturing Kumaon -61
                                                                                                                                 
          Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -277
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -806          
                                                           
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

         In morning around 8.30Am, when the guns, gun powder, and weapons for British army reached to Almora from Katarmal, war again started. Lieutenant Winfield was instructed for capturing King Palace, Almora by taking his army from Deepchand temple towards Almora Fort. The King Palace was in between Deepchand Temple and Almora Fort. The King Palace was big building squared and two story building. There was eight feet high stonewall. The Gurkha soldiers fired on British soldiers from the palace. However, British soldiers jumped the wall and reached inside Palace.   British soldiers reached upper story though steps. Eight or ten Gurkha soldiers ran away from other side. Till that time, 6 ponds canon was brought there. British army fired on a King Palace wall. The wall broke down and more British soldiers entered into Palace. A Canon was kept there.
          Almora Fort was 70 yards away from King Palace.
British army was firing Guns from Deepchand Temple. Bullets were fired to Almora fort.  Gurkha soldiers ran away towards Lalmandi Fort. Nicholas ordered soldiers for entering into Almora Fort from those windows through which Gurkha soldiers were coming out. However, windows were tightly closed by Gurkha soldiers. Gurkha soldiers fired and threw stones on British soldiers.
                                                   End of the War   

               Bamshah could not continue war. His soldiers were dissatisfied due to hunger and they did not get salary for months. Gurkha soldiers were faithful but outsiders deceived Gurkha Kingdome and at the crucial time, outsiders left Gurkha army.  Gurkha army was not having sufficient resources for heading on with resourceful British army. Bamshah consulted his deputies as Angad, Chamu Bhandari, Jasmadan Thapa and even Hearsay. After consultation , Bamshah decided to end war. At nine in morning, Bamshah showed white flags a symbol of ending war. Bamshah sent his faithful subordinate for requesting british commander for stopping firing and attack. That subordinate was having a letter from Bamshah and other letter from Hearsay for Nicholas.


 (From writings of B D Pande, Atkinson, Preamble, Sanwal, Saxsena, Fraser, Letter of Bamshah  for Amar Singh Thapa etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 22/5/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -807
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal