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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, May 11, 2016

Death of Hastidal in British-Nepal War in Gannath Hill

 Second British Attack on Almora -11
           
                 History British Campaign for Capturing Kumaon -54
                                                                                                                                 
          Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -269
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -798          
                                                           
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

                Lieutenant Colonel Nicholas reached at Katarmal on 9th April1815, However, Nicholas was busy in collecting supply , gun collection and loaders for two weeks. The British army was camping in Katarmal, Syahidevi, and Dhamas. There were 2500 soldiers. Gurkhas were sure that British army would capture Bageshwar road. Therefore, on 22nd April morning, Nepalese Resident Bamshah sent  around 250- 300 soldiers towards Gannath with Hastidal.  Gannath hill was situated 15 miles away in north of Almora. Gannath hill was in between Kali and Koshila (Kaushiki) Rivers. When that information reached to British camp, Nicholas guessed that Hastidal party wanted for weapon supply and money from west of Kali River. However, later on the reality opened that Gurkha wanted to protect Upper Kumaon region that Gurkha would have communication with Kathmando through Bhotiya region –Johar and Daram.   
  Since, Gurkha Communication line with Tarai and Bhabhar was broken, it was essential for them that they protect upper Kumaon region. From Upper Kumaon region, Gurkha could communicate with West Kumaon, Garhwal and Himachal. It was not wise decision to keep army in Almora.
               Hastidal marched for Gannath hill through Kalamtiya Hill road. Hastidal wanted establishing camp at Gannath that left wing of Gurkha battalion would be safe from British army at Havalbaugh. The Gurkha tried for keeping Hastidal March secret. However, citizens spread news immediately to British camps.
 Nicholas sent a company under  Captain Butterfield to west of Kumaon for winning citizens faith and buying food from Kumaonis.
           On 22nd April, Nicholas sent 5 companies under seventh battalion under Major Paton and 5 flank companies under Captain Laze for attacking on Hastidal Company.  There were total 900 soldiers, 6 ponds Gun and a mortar.  Gurkha army led by Hastidal reached at Gannath. Before Gurkha could  establish camps, British army attacked on Gurkha army.  




 (From writings of B D Pande, Atkinson, Preamble, Sanwal, Saxsena, Fraser etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 12/5/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -799
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal